主营介绍

  • 产品类型:

    机床产品及其配件

  • 产品名称:

    数控机床 普通车床 普通镗床 普通钻床 备件

  • 经营范围:

    机械设备制造,机床制造,机械加工,进出口贸易(持证经营);国内一般商业贸易(国家专营、专卖、专控除外)批发、零售;代购、代销、代储、代运;经济信息咨询服务;承包境外机械行业工程及境内国际招标工程;上述境外工程所需的设备、材料出口;对外派遣实施上述境外工程所需要的劳务人员;普通货运;设备租赁;珠宝首饰及黄金饰品加工、销售;黄金销售。(依法须经批准的项目,经相关部门批准后方可开展经营活动。)

运营业务数据

最新公告日期:2017-04-29 
业务名称 2016-12-31 2015-12-31 2014-12-31 2013-12-31 2012-12-31
机床类产量(台) 2.72万 3.20万 3.95万 4.50万 4.16万
机床类销量(台) 2.56万 2.85万 4.29万 4.83万 4.49万

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 工业 20.61亿 100.00% 15.15亿 100.00% 100.00% 26.49%
按产品 数控机床 16.59亿 80.49% 11.98亿 79.08% 84.40% 27.78%
普通车床 1.33亿 6.45% 1.18亿 7.78% 2.77% 11.38%
备件及其他 1.23亿 5.96% 7597.68万 5.01% 8.57% 38.12%
普通钻床 9950.35万 4.83% 8194.90万 5.41% 3.22% 17.64%
普通镗床 4675.89万 2.27% 4110.50万 2.71% 1.04% 12.09%
按地区 华东 5.91亿 28.66% 4.19亿 27.62% 31.54% 29.15%
东北 5.83亿 28.31% 4.33亿 28.57% 27.58% 25.81%
中南 3.96亿 19.20% 2.89亿 19.07% 19.57% 26.99%
华北 1.13亿 5.49% 8428.70万 5.56% 5.30% 25.56%
华中 9755.08万 4.73% 7384.55万 4.87% 4.34% 24.30%
西南 8148.88万 3.95% 6122.75万 4.04% 3.71% 24.86%
华南 7820.18万 3.79% 5961.83万 3.94% 3.40% 23.76%
国外 6204.50万 3.01% 5090.07万 3.36% 2.04% 17.96%
西北 3160.66万 1.53% 2380.52万 1.57% 1.43% 24.68%
东南 2691.99万 1.31% 2100.68万 1.39% 1.08% 21.97%

董事会经营评述

  一、概述
  (一)总体经营情况
  2017年度上半年公司实现营业收入22.47亿元,同比减少28.56%;实现利润总额-4.99亿元,同比增加0.49%。截止2017年6月末,公司总资产270.64亿元,归属于上市公司股东的净资产1.63亿元。
  (二)主要工作情况
  2017年,公司加快推动企业由传统制造商向工业服务商转型升级,着力发展i5智能机床新业务,推动产品全生命周期经营,打造公司核心业务,构建智能新生态。聚焦竞争对手及行业,优化产品,完善工艺解决方案,提升市场竞争力。全面推进企业由功能型向业务型、由制造型向服务型转变。
  1.加速i5智能产品布局强化i5智能机床行业属性... 查看全部▼

  一、概述
  (一)总体经营情况
  2017年度上半年公司实现营业收入22.47亿元,同比减少28.56%;实现利润总额-4.99亿元,同比增加0.49%。截止2017年6月末,公司总资产270.64亿元,归属于上市公司股东的净资产1.63亿元。
  (二)主要工作情况
  2017年,公司加快推动企业由传统制造商向工业服务商转型升级,着力发展i5智能机床新业务,推动产品全生命周期经营,打造公司核心业务,构建智能新生态。聚焦竞争对手及行业,优化产品,完善工艺解决方案,提升市场竞争力。全面推进企业由功能型向业务型、由制造型向服务型转变。
  1.加速i5智能产品布局强化i5智能机床行业属性
  公司围绕行业属性,精心打造各系列产品的行业竞争力,使各产品在细分行业里更专注、更专业。深入细化行业领域,聚焦工艺需求,对机床进行调整改进。如i5T1针对卫浴行业零件加工需求,采用排刀和动力头,调整规格尺寸、缩小占地面积等;针对轴类等行业零件加工痛点,开发应用智能尾台模块,自动感知工件位置、压力、速度,实现顶紧力智能调节,满足了零部件的多序集成加工需求,大幅提升了生产效率。
  推进i5智能工厂建设不断扩展与地方政府、下游客户的三方合作案例,借力国家、省、市政策支持,在多个重点区域建立i5智能工厂,成为机床行业的智能制造典范。
  开启i5智能智造谷建设推动i5智能制造生态迈向更高形态,即由N个智能工厂+i5智能制造体验中心、区域行业研发中心、实训培训中心、云服务中心、智能检测中心和再制造中心六大公共服务中心构成的“i5智能制造谷”。地方政府提供厂房,公司提供设备、技术等综合服务。
  2.推进新商业模式发展
  2017年,公司面向未来,继续推进U2U分享、经营租赁、融资租赁等多种新商业模式的发展,进一步转变传统买卖的销售方式,增加公司工业运营、服务资源,提升整体盈利能力和未来发展能力。依托分享商业模式和产业金融工具,引导和刺激用户需求,构建更紧密客户关系,拉动公司业务快速增长。
  3.加强品牌管理
  参加机床展览会:通过参展无锡太湖国际机床展览会、北京第十五届中国国际机床展览会、第十二届东北机床与金属加工展览会暨沈阳工装模具展览会等多个展会,公司向市场成功展出了i5智能机床、智能工厂解决方案,以新技术、新理念、新服务、新模式,展示了信息技术与制造技术的深入融合及共享方式的全新商业模式。
  加强与政府合作:不断加强与全国“百强县”政府的合作,充分借力当地政府在产品推介会、行业协会、重点企业客户和公共服务平台方面的信息及资源优势,开创多种合作模式,助推当地产业升级。
  加强校企合作:与沈阳工学院共建“i5智能制造学院”,推动人才链、创新链和产业链的深度融合;为沈阳职业技术学院第四学期“i5智能机床班”学生提供i5M系列机床实训。
  4.强化公司资本运作
  报告期内,公司非公开发行股票工作取得积极进展,2017年7月4日公司非公开发行A股股票的申请获得证监会无条件审核通过。

  二、报告期内公司从事的主要业务
  (一)公司主要业务及经营模式
  沈阳机床股份有限公司属装备制造行业,主要产品为机床产品、配件等。产品主要用途为金属材料的切削加工。目前,公司除采取传统买卖的交易模式外,积极发展U2U分享、经营租赁、融资租赁等新型商业模式,提供智能工厂、智能制造谷等智能制造整体解决方案。
  (二)行业发展状况
  2017年以来,中国经济增速趋于平稳,但运行压力依然较大,截止2017年6月份,固定资产投资增长8.6%,延续始自2016年的个位数低位增速水平。受此宏观经济形势影响,国内机床市场持续承压运行。根据中国机床工具工业协会数据,2017年上半年国内金属切削机床消费90亿美元,同比下降2.2%,未实现触底反弹。
  在持续严峻的市场形势下,各机床企业的经营压力与日俱增,资产效率下降,盈利能力不足。根据中国机床工具工业协会重点联系企业数据,2017年6月止,46%的企业处于亏损状态。面对如此经营环境,机床行业企业加大转型升级力度,不断增强面向未来的能力,在两个方向上持续发力:一是围绕客户需求,提供更多的增值服务项目和服务模式,增强市场获得能力;二是积极探索和实践融合信息和通讯技术的智能制造,抢占未来制造的制高点。

  三、核心竞争力分析
  持续研发能力公司拥有国家级企业技术中心,凭借行业内唯一的高档数控机床国家重点实验室及产品中试基地、产学研用为一体的产业创新联盟、国家高速复合数控机床创新平台及专业的产品工业外观设计机构,助推企业产品核心竞争力的突破。
  i5智能机床i5智能机床是公司基于工业互联网、i5智能控制技术开发的智能终端。其不仅是具有出色加工能力的设备,还是系统,是模式,更是大数据终端,它使得信息与通讯技术进入工业和制造过程,实现机器与机器、人与机器、人与过程互联互通。不仅能够加工零件,而且能够以毫秒级的速度传输数据,并由此引领制造模式变革和经济发展新潮流,催生智能制造,诞生智能服务。
  工业服务能力基于i5智能机床强大的数据采集及联网能力,为用户提供智能制造解决方案。将工业服务渗透到产品的研发设计、生产制造、过程管理等各个环节。同时围绕产品全生命周期提供工业耗材、延保服务、精益生产、工艺咨询及其它增值服务。
  创新商业模式公司逐步转变以销售为主的盈利模式,提供经营租赁、融资租赁等新型商业模式,减少客户的设备投资压力,帮助客户以低投入快速提高产能;同时,开启U2U共同分享利益的全新服务,使产品交易从单一买卖向“按时间、按零件、按价值”分享逐步转变。

  四、公司面临的风险和应对措施
  (一)行业风险
  2017年下半年,经济运行的压力仍然很大,固定资产投资增速仍将处于低位,市场需求仍具有很大的不确定性,这些将对机床行业下半年的运行产生直接影响。未来相当一段时期内,机床增量需求仍持续低迷。
  面对景气度欠佳的市场形势,公司将不断完善并充分发挥自身研发、i5智能机床、工业服务、智能制造解决方案及新型商业模式等核心竞争能力,加大对存量市场的开发力度,提供并完善维修保养、咨询等创新服务;强化对增量需求市场的获取能力,持续推进经营租赁、融资租赁、U2U分享等新型商业模式及智能制造解决方案,最终转型成为提供智能制造整体解决方案和全生命周期服务的工业服务商。
  (二)经营风险
  公司积极推进智能制造新生态建设,面向市场需求及下游产业发展,以客户为中心,不断研发新产品和新服务,创新推出经营租赁、融资租赁、U2U分享等新型商业模式,获利能力更强,但也使得投入回收期变长,运营需求资金增加。
  公司将通过非公开发行股票等方式实现股权债权多元化,解决公司短期内运营资金需求,长期来看,由于租赁模式优于传统买卖模式的盈利能力,公司资金压力将在未来经营中逐渐消解。 收起▲