主营介绍

  • 产品类型:

    钢压延加工业

  • 产品名称:

    钢板 钢坯

  • 经营范围:

    废旧金属(含有色金属)加工、购销,危险化学品生产(有效期至2016年9月11日),煤炭批发经营,炼铁炉料加工,废旧物资购销。钢铁冶炼、压延加工、产品销售,特钢型材、金属加工,货物及技术进出口(国家禁止的品种除外,限制的品种办理许可证后方可经营),计器仪表、机电设备、钢材销售,工业新产品、新工艺、新技术研究,高炉瓦斯灰及废油回收(危险品除外),化肥销售。(依法须经批准的项目,经相关部门批准后方可开展经营活动。)

运营业务数据

最新公告日期:2018-04-20 
业务名称 2017-12-31 2017-06-30 2016-12-31 2016-06-30 2015-12-31
钢压延加工业产量(吨) 1133.70万 - 1140.65万 - 1159.75万
钢压延加工业销量(吨) 1127.01万 - 1147.29万 - 1161.07万
铁产量(吨) - 485.68万 - 489.76万 -
钢产量(吨) - 491.49万 - 477.83万 -
热轧板产量(吨) - 632.15万 - 546.70万 -
冷轧板产量(吨) - 284.91万 - 185.29万 -

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 工业 213.00亿 100.00% 191.41亿 100.00% 100.00% 10.14%
按产品 钢板 209.18亿 98.20% 187.92亿 98.18% 98.42% 10.16%
其他 3.83亿 1.80% 3.49亿 1.82% 1.58% 8.91%
按地区 华东 69.99亿 32.86% 63.09亿 32.96% 31.94% 9.85%
出口 62.72亿 29.45% 55.69亿 29.09% 32.56% 11.21%
东北 45.23亿 21.24% 40.87亿 21.35% 20.19% 9.64%
华北 24.79亿 11.64% 22.48亿 11.75% 10.70% 9.32%
中南 9.76亿 4.58% 8.81亿 4.60% 4.41% 9.75%
西北 5067.42万 0.24% 4618.80万 0.24% 0.21% 8.85%

董事会经营评述

  一、概述  2018年上半年,公司总体生产组织平稳顺行,但受两座高炉大修改造影响,钢铁产量较去年同期有所降低,其中生铁与去年同期相比减少93万吨,粗钢与去年同期相比减少77万吨。为了减小生铁产量降低对公司绩效的影响,公司抓住钢材市场高位运行的机遇,全面加强企业管理,深入实施挖潜、降本、增效,不断提升经济运行的质量和效益,取得了显著成效,收入同比增加13.04%,利润同比44.56%。  上半年生产经营过程中完成的主要工作:一是市场开发与品种增利成果丰硕,通过扩大品种、优化结构、提高高附加值产品比重、提高吨钢效益、优化区域市场结构等有效措施,不断实现企业增利。  二是借鉴国内先进钢铁企业的管... 查看全部▼

  一、概述
  2018年上半年,公司总体生产组织平稳顺行,但受两座高炉大修改造影响,钢铁产量较去年同期有所降低,其中生铁与去年同期相比减少93万吨,粗钢与去年同期相比减少77万吨。为了减小生铁产量降低对公司绩效的影响,公司抓住钢材市场高位运行的机遇,全面加强企业管理,深入实施挖潜、降本、增效,不断提升经济运行的质量和效益,取得了显著成效,收入同比增加13.04%,利润同比44.56%。
  上半年生产经营过程中完成的主要工作:一是市场开发与品种增利成果丰硕,通过扩大品种、优化结构、提高高附加值产品比重、提高吨钢效益、优化区域市场结构等有效措施,不断实现企业增利。
  二是借鉴国内先进钢铁企业的管控模式,全面实施"定岗、定编、定责、定薪"工作,平稳实施薪酬体系设计与改革。同时,配套实施部门工作作风考核、企业问责追责制度、领导班子和领导干部综合考核评价办法。通过内部改革四大举措,全方位提升了企业管理水平。
  三是创新驱动战略得到有效实施,上半年,公司共开发新产品24项,其中,QP980品种钢完成首次工业试验,各项性能指标满足国标要求,填补了本钢在淬火配分钢研究领域空白;低铁损50BW470产品具备了批量生产能力,实物质量处于国内先进水平;首次开发生产轿车(乘用车)齿轮用钢20CrMnTiH2实现了轿车(乘用车)齿轮用钢开发的新突破;高速工具钢DS120,打破了外国钢材对带锯用钢的市场垄断。
  四是安全生产形势总体稳定。公司以开展重点专项整治工作和安全生产月活动为抓手,细化各级安全责任落实,加大安全教育培训力度,深入开展各类专项隐患排查工作,强化联合检修施工安全措施的落实,未发生生产责任死亡事故,实现了较大人身、较大设备、重大火灾事故"三为零"的目标。
  五是绿色发展战略取得明显成效。公司严格按照国家标准和政策要求,扎实开展第二次污染源普查清查、钢铁行业排污许可证申领。通过强化环保设施稳定运行,落实污染物稳定达标排放、完善自动在线监测设施等措施,实现产污环节排污可控,排放量核算有基础依据。
  六是人才强企战略持续深入实施。公司按照注重人品、注重基层、注重业绩、注重学历的用人导向,以公开、平等、竞争、择优的原则,实施领导干部岗位的公开竞聘。并以本钢MBA培训班为依托,深化推进领导干部素质能力提升培训,力争利用3-5年完成全体领导干部的培养轮训,以淬炼思想、升华境界、开拓思路、坚定信心,促进领导干部素质全面提升。
  七是不断加强和改进党的建设。加强党的领导,实施"党建引领振兴工程",将党建工作要求写入公司章程,明确党组织在公司法人治理结构中的法定地位。加强基层党支部建设,实施"固本强基工程"。加强党员队伍建设,实施"共产党员先锋工程"。
  完善党的组织生活制度,组织各级党委领导班子召开了政治性警示教育专题民主生活会,组织广大党员以"重实干、强执行、抓落实"为主题开展专题研讨,发扬求真务实、真抓实干的作风。

  二、公司面临的风险和应对措施
  一、产能过剩和产业结构调整风险
  风险:虽然我国钢铁行业发展的外部环境有所改善,但国内钢铁行业产能过剩矛盾并未得到根本解决,中国钢铁行业仍处在长周期的去产能和结构调整阶段,行业结构性矛盾突出,行业集中度低、产业布局不尽合理、创新能力不足等问题仍然存在,钢铁企业间竞争依然激烈,钢铁市场难免大幅震荡,将影响到企业生产经营、效益。
  应对措施:密切关注国内市场对钢铁产品的需求变化,及时掌握国内固定资产投资的波动幅度,结合国家关停和淘汰钢铁落后产能的实施力度,以及在建工程和新增产能的投产情况,调整企业经营策略。加强自主创新能力,提升企业的技术核心竞争力。
  二、环保风险:环保排放标准日趋严格,环保监查趋严
  风险:我国环保政策和标准日益完善和严格,对企业环保督查持续保持趋严态势,特别是国务院蓝天保卫战三年计划的推行。作为钢铁企业,公司生产过程中会产生废水、废气、废渣、粉尘、噪音等均会对周边环境造成污染,也是环保治理的重点排查点。环保标准的趋严将导致公司生产成本的提高。另外,公司近年来在环保方面投入大量的人力、物力和财力,对存在的主要污染源采取有力措施加以解决,但公司仍然面临未来环保政策和标准进一步趋严带来的合规风险。
  应对措施:关注国家各类环保政策,完善企业环保标准,使之满足并适当超越国家标准。加强公司各类污染源排放的自我监督检查,强化全员环保意识。加快推进已确定的环保项目的施工进度,确保满足国家环保要求。
  三、原燃料价格波动风险:特别是焦煤供给缺口造成的风险
  风险:公司虽具有一定的矿山优势,但铁矿石自给率并不高,国际铁矿石价格的不断波动会影响公司的生产成本,公司对多数原燃料定价无自主性。同样受环保政策影响的焦煤生产企业,由于环保政策的趋严,预计导致焦煤供给不足,供需不平衡可能将导致原材料价格的上涨,进而影响公司的盈利。
  应对措施:通过市场分析支撑采购决策,保证公司原燃料供应;根据市场价格波动,坚持经济库存策略,优化库存结构,保障企业正常生产经营。
  四、对外贸易风险-出口关税
  风险:2018年,美国决定对从中国进口的钢材征收关税,易导致"反全球化"思潮再度蔓延,国际贸易保护主义抬头,反倾销案增加,贸易摩擦、贸易壁垒越来越严重,出口市场无序竞争,以及汇率不稳定,将会导致出口难度加大。
  应对措施:加强国际市场分析,跟踪国际贸易政策变化情况,减少贸易政策突变对公司对外贸易的冲击;做好贸易摩擦应对方案,化解贸易摩擦造成的不利影响,提升公司产品在国际市场上的竞争力。针对进口国市场动态和产业政策进行研究,把握进口国市场动态变化。寻找合适的合作伙伴,扶植优势产品,逐渐提高高端产品出口比例,加强售后服务,提升客户满意度。
  五、下游钢铁需求量减少的风险
  风险:公司产品下游需求主要由建筑、家电、汽车等领域构成。由于近年国家对于房地产行业持续调控,房地产市场整体处于下行周期中,房地产投资增速进一步减缓,同时受国家目前对PPP项目监管趋严,2018年基建增速也下降。2018年汽车购置税优惠完全退出,汽车增长亦有限,中长期来看制造业将会是推动钢材需求的主要动力,但考虑到房地产下行压力过大,短期内制造业景气将不能改变钢铁下游需求下降趋势。
  应对措施:维护现有客户,加大新产品开发力度,持续推进产品升级,积极开拓市场争取新的客户资源。

  三、核心竞争力分析
  为响应国家产业振兴发展政策,聚力供给侧结构性改革,公司精心谋划新一轮技术改造,在品种结构调整、新材料研发、绿色及智能制造、产能置换等方面实施技改项目建设,推动企业实现高质量、绿色化、智能化发展。聚焦国家科技创新政策和行业指南方向,积极申请加入中国汽车工程学会和耐蚀钢产业技术创新战略联盟,努力搭建高水平研发平台。加强对外技术交流与合作,多渠道申报国家、省级重大科技专项,有6项获得政策支持。
  为全面提升技术创新水平和创效增利能力,强化品种调整与市场开发,提升产品质量稳定和保证能力,推进低成本和绿色制造技术,围绕品种、质量、成本三大要素开展58项公司级重点科技项目,部分项目已取得阶段性成果。
  上半年开发新产品24项,包括汽车内板QP980、镀锌双相钢DP780+Z、X80低温高韧性热轧管线钢等,性能检验全部合格,满足用户使用要求,部分品种实现批量供货。完成产品认证15项,认证的汽车用户包括东风日产、神龙汽车等。目前正在开展通用汽车、上汽乘用车、东风乘用车、比亚迪汽车、吉利汽车等汽车厂70余项产品认证工作。组织申报专利80件。5件专利获国家知识产权局授权,其中:发明3件、实用新型2件。申报中国专利奖2件。
  本着"资源共享、互惠互利、共赢发展"的原则,公司与东北大学进一步强化合作广度和深度,围绕产业发展方向,建立"产学研用"高效融合的合作机制,开展全方位的合作与交流,东北大学院士专家团队在公司的科技创新中发挥了重要的智力支持和引领作用,将不断提升高校、企业和区域发展的竞争优势,促进双方的共同发展。 收起▲