主营介绍

  • 产品类型:

    宽厚板、热轧卷板、冷轧卷板、线棒材、螺纹钢、无缝钢管

  • 产品名称:

    宽厚板 热轧卷板 冷轧卷板 线棒材 螺纹钢 无缝钢管

  • 经营范围:

    主营钢坯、无缝钢管、线材、棒材、螺纹钢、热轧超薄带钢卷、冷轧板卷、涂镀钢板、中小型材、热轧中板等黑色和有色金属产品的生产与销售;兼营外商投资企业获准开展的相关附属产品,咨询服务业务

运营业务数据

最新公告日期:2018-10-11 
业务名称 2018-09-30 2018-08-31 2018-07-31 2018-06-30 2018-05-31
铁产量(吨) 1200.00万 1057.00万 914.00万 770.00万 632.00万
钢材销量(吨) 1377.00万 1218.00万 1055.00万 890.00万 738.00万
钢材产量(吨) 1364.00万 1206.00万 1046.00万 880.00万 724.00万
钢产量(吨) 1453.00万 1281.00万 1110.00万 936.00万 769.00万

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 钢铁行业 434.81亿 100.00% 361.57亿 100.00% 100.00% 16.84%
按产品 板材 225.91亿 51.96% 183.91亿 50.86% 57.35% 18.59%
长材 108.31亿 24.91% 89.05亿 24.63% 26.30% 17.78%
其他 59.36亿 13.65% 54.22亿 15.00% 7.02% 8.66%
无缝钢管 41.23亿 9.48% 34.40亿 9.51% 9.34% 16.58%
按地区 国内销售 423.13亿 97.31% 350.66亿 96.98% 98.95% 17.13%
出口销售 11.68亿 2.69% 10.91亿 3.02% 1.05% 6.58%

董事会经营评述

  一、概述  2018年上半年,宏观经济总体平稳、稳中向好,在国家持续推进供给侧结构性改革,严禁新增产能、防范"地条钢"死灰复燃,加强环保限产和环保督查等政策措施强有力的推动下,钢铁行业运行取得了稳中向好的发展态势。公司把握市场机遇,强化生产组织,提升品质品牌,优化产品结构,钢材产量和经营业绩再创历史同期新高。其中,上半年钢材产量880万吨,同比增长16.28%;实现营业收入434.81亿元,实现净利润42.61亿元,同比分别增长24.14%、259.23%;经营活动产生的现金流量净额613.39亿元,同比增长79.50%;报告期末资产负债率为74.72%,较年初降低5.82个百分点。上半年... 查看全部▼

  一、概述
  2018年上半年,宏观经济总体平稳、稳中向好,在国家持续推进供给侧结构性改革,严禁新增产能、防范"地条钢"死灰复燃,加强环保限产和环保督查等政策措施强有力的推动下,钢铁行业运行取得了稳中向好的发展态势。公司把握市场机遇,强化生产组织,提升品质品牌,优化产品结构,钢材产量和经营业绩再创历史同期新高。其中,上半年钢材产量880万吨,同比增长16.28%;实现营业收入434.81亿元,实现净利润42.61亿元,同比分别增长24.14%、259.23%;经营活动产生的现金流量净额613.39亿元,同比增长79.50%;报告期末资产负债率为74.72%,较年初降低5.82个百分点。上半年主要工作如下:
  1、生产组织高效稳定。公司坚持以高炉为中心,落实精料方针,强化制度执行,狠抓外围保障,高炉生产逐步向好。在2月份和3月份一座2200立方米高炉大修的情况下,仍实现了产量同比增长,同时通过不断优化高炉运行指标,公司铁水成本已低于行业平均水平。
  2、"华菱制造"品牌营销创效能力不断提升。公司持续创新营销服务模式、拓展直销渠道,提升产品在主导市场、区域市场的知名度以及细分市场的渗透度。同时,积极把握下游造船、工程机械及油气等行业的良好发展势头,抢抓高价订单,优化资源投放,提升板材和钢管销量。其中,在世界最大工程机械公司卡特彼勒月销量稳定在1.5万吨以上,在三一重工月销量提升至2.5万吨以上;并成为"三桶油"的主力供应商,在西南油气、中石化西北局、长庆、塔里木等油气田非API油套管销量实现重大突破。公司上半年累计销售钢材890万吨,同比增长17.6%,销售均价同比增幅高于行业2.1个百分点,较好地抓住市场"红利",放大了企业收益。
  3、品种结构调整及新产品研发实现量、效双增。公司依托技术创新,完善以集成产品研发(IPD)为基础的销研产一体化体系,促进产品结构由中、低端同质化向中、高端精品差异化转变。2018上半年完成重点品种钢销量372万吨,同比增长13.7%。线棒材方面成功开发了高强度帘线钢、汽车用冷镦钢、高层建筑结构钢等细分产品,部分汽车用冷镦钢已实现稳定批量供货。板材方面成功开发了超大型集装箱船用钢、移动罐车用钢、低屈强比热处理桥梁钢等新产品,完成了国家冬奥会速滑馆、郑济铁路、文莱海底管线等国内外重点工程供货;耐磨钢、高强薄规格热处理板占到国内市场份额的70%以上,热处理产品在行业内基本具备价格话语权。起重机臂架用管成功挺进北极圈,首次打入港口机械加工用管市场;高端建筑用管应用于"一带一路"重点项目西安丝路国际会展中心;深海海底管线管成为世界油服巨头斯伦贝谢卡麦龙中国区首个采购产品。

  二、公司面临的风险和应对措施
  1、行业风险
  2018上半年,钢铁行业优质产能继续得到有效释放,钢企盈利能力稳步提升,受利益驱动,部分地区防范新增产能和"地条钢"死灰复燃的压力较大。下半年钢铁生产如果仍然保持上半年的高产量,会进一步加大钢材市场的压力和风险。
  应对措施:公司将持续构建精益生产、销研产一体化、营销服务"三大战略支撑体系",推进品种结构优化调整,加快转型升级步伐,提高有效供给与供给质量,进一步提升公司的差异化竞争力。
  2、环保风险
  2018年5月,生态环境部发布了《钢铁企业超低排放改造工作方案(征求意见稿)》,堪称"最严超低排放标准",并实行限期达标。7月份,国务院又印发《打赢蓝天保卫战三年行动计划》,扩大环保监测区域范围,加大环保整治力度。环保持续高压态势,公司钢铁生产面临更加严格的环保达标考验。
  应对措施:公司将继续坚持资源节约和环境友好发展理念,严格执行新的环保排放标准,通过持续的环保专项资金投入、环保项目建设、设备升级改造,实现企业生产经营与资源、环境的和谐发展。
  3、财务风险
  公司存在部分美元贷款,若人民币兑美元汇率贬值,则公司可能出现汇兑损失。
  应对措施:提前制定美元贬值应对策略,防范汇率波动风险。

  三、核心竞争力分析
  1、领先的生产规模与一流的装备水平。
  公司具备年产钢材2,000万吨左右的生产能力,拥有湘潭、衡阳和娄底三大专业化分工的生产基地。其中,华菱湘钢是全球第一大单体中厚板生产企业,华菱衡钢是全国第二大无缝钢管生产企业。另外,经过高起点、高强度、大规模的技术改造,公司已形成以华菱湘钢5米宽厚板、华菱涟钢2250热轧机、华菱衡钢720大口径轧管机组、VAMA高端汽车板等为代表的现代化生产线,工艺装备达到国内领先水平。
  2、丰富的产品结构。
  公司产品结构布局丰富,大类产品包括中厚板、冷热轧薄板、线棒材、螺纹钢、无缝钢管,覆盖了能源、电力、船舶、海洋工程、工程机械、家电、汽车等下游行业,与中国未来经济结构调整和消费升级的需求相吻合,产品结构优势日趋明显。
  公司是世界前三大造船企业中船集团、韩国现代和三星造船的主力供应商,是世界最大工程机械公司卡特彼勒的战略合作伙伴,是国内工程机械巨头中联、三一、徐工主要供货方。公司产品广泛应用于北极圈俄罗斯亚马尔项目、全球最大煤制油项目神华宁煤煤制油项目、沙特阿美项目、我国首座深海采油钻井平台南海荔湾项目、白鹤滩水电站、佳蒂格德水电站、大藤峡水利工程、阿布扎比国际机场项目、港珠澳大桥、央视新大楼、广州电视塔、上海中心大厦、首都新机场、迪拜相框、卡塔尔购物中心、西安丝路国际会展中心等国内外重点工程项目。
  3、显著的市场优势。
  公司地处我国中南地区,南接珠江三角洲,东临长江三角洲,具有承东启西、连接南北的区域市场优势。湖南省内每年实际钢材产量基本稳定在2000万吨左右,而钢材消费总量在2800万吨以上,属于钢材净流入省份。随着中部崛起、长江经济带、"一带一路"等国家战略的深入推进,湖南及周边地区特别是广东、湖北、重庆等地工程机械、汽车、装备制造等制造业发展迅速,钢材需求旺盛并持续增长,为公司拓展湖南本土和周边市场、加快产品升级和产业结构调整提供了战略契机,有利于公司进一步强化区位市场优势。
  4、先进的研发模式与持续的创新能力。
  公司引入集成产品开发模式(IPD),以抓住市场需求轮动为切入点,以项目制为抓手,持续完善技术创新体制机制,研发效率不断提升。报告期内,公司共获得各项技术专利32项,多项专利获得省级以上科技进步奖;同时借助于世界钢铁巨头安赛乐米塔尔的技术支持,快速引进、消化吸收其在高档汽车基板生产、洁净钢冶炼等方面的领先技术,进一步提升公司汽车板产品的竞争力。在新产品研发方面,依托技术创新,持续搭建钢铁行业上、下游产业链的技术创新联盟,研发了一批颇具核心优势且能迅速抢占高端市场的新产品。
  5、卓有成效的降本增效措施。
  近几年公司深入推进内部改革、提质降耗和降本增效工作,不断提升自身经营效率,在降低要素成本方面取得了长足进步,进一步提高了公司的市场竞争力。其中,在降低物流成本方面,通过优化物流组织,提高水运比例,降低陆路运输量,吨钢物流成本已下降约50元/吨;在降低人工成本方面,通过持续深化内部改革、减员增效提高劳动生产率,目前华菱湘钢和华菱涟钢的劳动生产率接近人均年产钢1,000吨;在降低能源成本方面,不断加大对余热余压余气的二次能源回收利用,华菱湘钢的自发电比例达到70%,位居钢铁行业领先水平;在降低财务成本方面,通过自身盈利积累及调整债务结构,截至2018年6月末,公司资产负债率较年初降低5.82个百分点。 收起▲