主营介绍

  • 产品类型:

    黄金、白银、电解铜、硫酸、磷铵及其他化肥、铅

  • 产品名称:

    黄金 白银 电解铜 硫酸 磷铵及其他化肥

  • 经营范围:

    硫酸、液体二氧化硫、3,3-2二氯联苯胺盐酸盐、三氧化二砷、氧气、液氧、液氩、液氮的生产(有效期限以许可证为准)。金银冶炼;矿用设备(不含特种设备)制造加工;电器修理;电解铜的生产、电解铜、肥料销售;乙硫氨脂、巯基乙酸钠生产、销售;货物及技术的进出口业务;铁粉加工(不含开采)。以下由分公司凭许可证和营业执照生产经营:金矿采选,金银冶炼,一类机动车维修,货物运输,成品油零售。(依法须经批准的项目,经相关部门批准后方可开展经营活动)。

运营业务数据

最新公告日期:2018-04-18 
业务名称 2017-12-31 2016-12-31 2015-12-31 2014-12-31
有色金属冶炼(黄金)库存量(公斤) 0.38 1645.41 1132.21 -
有色金属冶炼(白银)库存量(公斤) 3.06万 6.47万 7.45万 4.10万
有色金属冶炼(电解铜)库存量(吨) 4363.48 - - -
化工生产(硫酸)库存量(吨) 1.32万 - - -
化工生产(磷铵)库存量(吨) 9266.77 - - -
化工生产(磷铵)库存量(吨) - 8905.38 8682.23 4425.42
化工生产(硫酸)库存量(吨) - 5.93万 11.63万 4.81万
有色金属冶炼(电铅)库存量(吨) - 1464.68 234.87 2469.38
有色金属冶炼(电铜)库存量(吨) - 1.13万 332.89 2923.96
有色金属冶炼(铅)库存量(吨) - - 824.99 -

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 有色金属开采冶炼 100.88亿 96.97% 93.28亿 96.61% 101.52% 7.53%
化工生产 3.16亿 3.03% 3.27亿 3.39% -1.52% -3.60%
按产品 黄金 42.04亿 40.41% 37.20亿 38.53% 64.67% 11.51%
电解铜 31.90亿 30.67% 31.28亿 32.40% 8.35% 1.96%
白银 9.73亿 9.35% 8.32亿 8.62% 18.77% 14.44%
其他 9.54亿 9.17% 8.84亿 9.15% 9.31% 7.31%
7.67亿 7.37% 7.63亿 7.91% 0.41% 0.41%
磷铵及其他化肥 2.15亿 2.06% 1.88亿 1.95% 3.53% 12.33%
硫酸 1.01亿 0.97% 1.39亿 1.44% -5.05% -37.40%
按地区 上海 70.05亿 67.33% 63.70亿 65.98% 84.80% 9.06%
山东 9.60亿 9.22% 9.38亿 9.72% 2.89% 2.25%
江浙 7.01亿 6.74% 6.94亿 7.18% 0.97% 1.04%
河南 5.56亿 5.35% 5.00亿 5.18% 7.52% 10.12%
其他地区 4.50亿 4.33% 4.46亿 4.61% 0.62% 1.03%
东北 3.53亿 3.39% 3.49亿 3.61% 0.58% 1.23%
安徽 3.40亿 3.27% 3.23亿 3.35% 2.27% 4.98%
湖南 2177.95万 0.21% 2035.95万 0.21% 0.19% 6.52%
江西 1676.26万 0.16% 1549.87万 0.16% 0.17% 7.54%
内蒙古 - - - - - -

董事会经营评述

  一、概述
  (1)业务范围及主要产品
  公司主要从事黄金采选、冶炼及化工生产等,是国家重点黄金冶炼企业,产品包括黄金、白银、电解铜、电解铅、硫酸、磷铵及其他化肥、砷、锑、铋、碲等。
  (2)经营情况
  报告期内,公司坚持稳中求进、创新发展、持续盈利的经营思路,跟随市场变化节奏,控制库存产品套期保值比例,增加复杂矿处理量,重点做好了项目建设、技术创新、人才队伍、内部管理等工作,各项经营指标保持良好。
  2018年上半年,公司实现营业收入1,040,327.49万元,较上年同期增长1.50%;报告期内营业成本为965,487.79万元,比上年同期增加0.61%。营业利润为26,605... 查看全部▼

  一、概述
  (1)业务范围及主要产品
  公司主要从事黄金采选、冶炼及化工生产等,是国家重点黄金冶炼企业,产品包括黄金、白银、电解铜、电解铅、硫酸、磷铵及其他化肥、砷、锑、铋、碲等。
  (2)经营情况
  报告期内,公司坚持稳中求进、创新发展、持续盈利的经营思路,跟随市场变化节奏,控制库存产品套期保值比例,增加复杂矿处理量,重点做好了项目建设、技术创新、人才队伍、内部管理等工作,各项经营指标保持良好。
  2018年上半年,公司实现营业收入1,040,327.49万元,较上年同期增长1.50%;报告期内营业成本为965,487.79万元,比上年同期增加0.61%。营业利润为26,605.10万元,比上年同期增加13.53%;利润总额为26,623.61万元,比上年同期增加12.61%,;归属上市公司所有者净利润22,645.15万元,比上年同期增加14.69%,利润总额和净利润增长主要系公司本年度部分产品销售价格较去年同期上涨所致;经营活动产生的现金流量净额为68,725.26万元,比上年同期增加809.36%,主要系本期矿粉购入量减少,购买商品支付的现金减少所致。

  二、公司面临的风险和应对措施
  1、产品价格波动风险。黄金、白银等有色金属价格的剧烈波动及市场需求变化等,会对恒邦股份存货价值、经营业绩、现金流状况等产生较显著的影响。
  措施:随着业务规模的不断扩大,为降低融资成本,规避产品价格波动风险及锁定部分产品预期利润,公司开展了黄金租赁业务,黄金、白银以及铜产品的套期保值业务。套期保值业务仅限于上海黄金交易所黄金、白银延期交货业务(黄金T+D及白银T+D)和上海期货交易所银、铜期货合约。公司开展套期保值业务使用自有资金。
  2、原材料供应不确定性。恒邦股份自产金产量相对较小,外购金精矿比例较大,原材料供应上存在一定的不确定性。
  此外,公司外购原材料大部分来自国际采购,面临一定的汇率变动风险。
  措施:公司采取了多种方式缓解原料供应压力:一是采取了“先外后内”的策略,即积极开拓金精矿原料供应来源,优先采购外部金精矿进行生产。国内采购方面,公司已和山东金洲集团、烟台中嘉、牟金矿业、甘肃早子沟金矿、东金矿业、福建紫金矿业等多家矿山企业建立了长期稳定的供应合作关系;为拓展海外采购渠道,2015年公司设立了恒邦国际商贸有限公司负责原材料贸易,并在秘鲁设立了恒邦拉美有限公司;2016年公司从香港祥光国际控股有限公司及贝莎矿业有限公司进口金矿矿粉11.78万吨,占年度金矿矿粉采购量的27.77%;2017年在赞比亚成立恒邦瑞达有限公司,主要从事制造业、贸易业务、建筑类等业务;此外,公司与俄罗斯POLYLETL、香港祥光国际控股有限公司、希腊埃尔拉多等公司分别签订15万吨、6万吨和9万吨的金矿矿粉的长单合同。二是通过探采平衡的生产经营计划,即每年探获的资源储量与开采的资源储量大致平衡或有盈余,以延长矿山服务时间。三是通过加大探采投入,加强对重点矿区的生产探矿和地质探矿,以增加公司资源储量,实现稳步扩产。四是对现有矿区进行革新挖潜,延伸探采深度,力争井下探采深度由300m-400m,延深至600m-800m甚至1,000m,实现探矿增储和扩大采矿规模。五是积极寻求以并购、合资、合作等方式获取黄金矿山资源,稳定金精矿原料的供应渠道。
  在外购矿石方面,公司根据生产经营计划采取持续分批量的方式进行金精矿的采购,并制定了详细严格的采购制度以确保矿粉采购质量。在向老客户采购常规矿粉时,由双方共同对原料进行取样和化验,根据化验结果、采购数量,以矿粉进场日期上海黄金交易所金交易价格乘以合同约定的计价系数进行货款结算。对于新客户和矿性发生变化的,必须经过技术部门、供应部门和财务部门严格的分析、审批才能签订正式采购合同。在具体结算过程中,对于品位高、冶炼难度低的矿粉,一般采用预付货款方式,按照供货方矿粉量预付70%左右的货款,待矿粉到货后经双方称重、化验无异后进行余款结算;对于品味低、冶炼难度高的矿粉,一般采用赊购方式,矿粉到货后经双方称重、化验无异后再进行货款结算。一般结算周期为M+3,即按照发货后第三个月的均价结算。同时公司根据采购情况和生产安排,进行相应的黄金T+D交易操作以及银、铜的套期保值交易。
  3、套期保值风险。公司利用金融衍生品对主要产品进行套期保值。但随着金、银、铜等套期保值业务规模的增大,公司面临的套期保值风险也随之增大。
  措施:在开展黄金、白银、铜套期保值业务方面,董事会授权财务总监组织建立公司套期保值业务领导小组,作D度,并签订各级各部门安全责任状,逐级落实安全责任,建立全员参与、全员负责的安全生产管理体系。
  在环境保护方面,公司建立了环保管理网络,并由总经理统一负责;根据国家环保相关法规,制定了一系列环保工作制度,配备了专职人员负责环保监测工作;公司生产过程中产生的废气、废水等经相应处理达标后排放,固体废弃物存放在独立渣场。

  三、核心竞争力分析
  1、技术优势
  公司是国家科技进步奖获奖企业、国家高新技术企业,同时,是中国黄金销售收入十大企业、中国黄金经济效益十佳企业、中国黄金十大冶炼企业。近年来,随着复杂金精矿综合回收技术改造项目和提金尾渣综合回收利用项目的顺利建成、投产运行,公司在处理多元素复杂金精矿方面提升到了国内同行业领先水平。目前,公司已摸索出了更加合理的原料配比、工艺流程物料循环和交叉利用,突破了生产工艺和设备的关键环节和技术,提高了复杂金精矿的处理效率和回收率。
  为保证公司技术研发工作持续推进,公司组建了企业技术中心(省级),挂牌博士后创新实践基地,与中南大学合作共建贵金属清洁冶金工程技术中心。公司现有研发平台已多次承担国家及省级重大研究课题,2017年承担了山东省重大科技创新工程:有色冶炼酸性废水资源化处置技术研发及产业化项目。近些年,公司的研发投入占营业收入的比重一直保持在3%以上。截至2018年6月底,公司已获得“高砷复杂金精矿多元素的提取方法”、“一种湿法黄金冶炼废渣的处理方法”、“一种从铜阳极泥中提取铂钯的方法”等9项发明专利和“一种骤冷塔”、“水膜除尘器”、“一种无动力酸雾捕集器”等12项实用新型专利,一项发明专利获得中国专利优秀奖。公司参与修订的《金矿石》和《金矿石取制样方法》标准,获中国黄金协会科学技术二等奖、《阳极铜化学分析方法》系列标准及《银冶炼安全生产规范》获全国有色金属标准化技术三等奖,新增参与制定国标、行标11个,总数达到33个。
  公司“难处理多金属混合铅物料低碳熔炼综合回收新技术研发及产业化应用”成果、“高砷难处理矿富氧熔炼收砷关键技术”成果及“氧气底吹熔炼造锍捕金处理复杂金精矿技术开发与应用”成果分别获得2013年度、2016年度、2017年度中国有色金属协会科技进步一等奖。2017年1月,公司参与完成的“底吹熔炼—熔融还原—富氧挥发连续炼铅新技术及产业化应用”项目获得国家科技进步奖二等奖。同时,公司还十分注重群众性创新活动,建有省级职工创新工作室。
  2、资源综合利用优势
  公司采、选、冶综合回收率居同行业领先水平,公司研究开发了一系列找矿、采矿技术,实现对历史上留存尾矿的再浮选,并对尾砂进行深部胶结充填,成效显著;公司还进行了一系列的技术改造项目的研究、实施,不但提高了黄金资源的回收率,还降低了各种材料消耗;尤其是"复杂金精矿综合回收技术改造项目"和"提金尾渣综合回收利用项目"的建设、实施,使公司进一步提高了处理多元素复杂金精矿的能力,达到多元素(Au、Ag、Cu、S、Pb、Zn)高回收率综合回收利用的目的。近年来,公司依托先进的技术工艺,在资源综合利用方面成效显著,被评为山东省资源节约先进单位、烟台市资源综合利用先进单位。公司"复杂金精矿综合回收技术改造工程"项目被列入国家十大重点节能工程、循环经济和资源节约重大示范项目及重点工业污染治理工程2009年第三批扩大内需中央预算内投资计划。氧气底吹炼铜技术创新及产业化示范工程列入国家高技术产业发展项目,在有色行业开展了低碳技术创新及产业化示范项目建设,成功通过验收,起到了示范推广作用。目前,公司正在建设稀贵金属综合回收技术改造项目,实现对金、银、铋、锑、碲、硒、钯、铂等产品的综合回收,首期投资2.3亿元建设的扩大阳极泥处理量并建设锑、铋、碲、二氧化硒生产系统,即将实现小金属产品化,为企业贡献效益。
  3、规模优势
  黄金冶炼行业具有明显的规模经济效益。公司已经形成了一定的规模化经营能力。经过多年努力,公司围绕着黄金冶炼及有色金属综合利用这一主线,已拥有传统湿法冶金系统(包含直接氰化、焙烧氰化系统、两段焙烧+骤冷收砷系统)及火法冶金系统(包含富氧底吹熔炼造锍捕金+熔炼烟气骤冷收砷系统、富氧底吹熔炼+粉煤底吹直接还原系统)等7条冶炼生产线,具备年产黄金50吨、白银700吨的能力,在冶炼过程中副产硫酸的能力达到100万吨。同时公司全资子公司威海恒邦化工生产各类磷铵、复合肥等肥料远销国内外,其中磷酸一铵、磷酸二铵被评为“山东省名牌产品”。
  4、完整产业链优势
  公司经过多年发展业已构筑较为完整的产业链,涵盖从地质勘探、采矿、选矿、冶炼、精炼和深加工(硫酸和化肥业务)等一体化生产经营模式,为公司持续发展和减少盈利波动创造了良好的条件。目前,公司在小金属、多种有价元素及其化合物生产、稀贵金属提纯及深加工等领域开展了工作。未来,公司将有更多机会进行产业链的进一步深度延伸,开发更高附加值的新产品。
  多年来,公司一直通过多种方式增加自给原料的供应,减少生产原料的外部依赖。为加大勘查力度,公司除利用本公司的勘查队伍和设备探矿外,还与外部勘查单位合作,在公司所属的采矿区和探矿区内积极开展地质找矿工作。2014年,公司委托山东省第三地质矿产勘查院在探矿权范围内进行勘查,山东省第三地质矿产勘查院依据委托书和相关技术规范开展了野外工作,编制了《山东省烟台市牟平区辽上矿区深部及外围金矿详查报告》,并于2014年12月下旬送交山东省储量评审办公室申报评审,2015年2月1日,该报告通过了专家评审,并出具了《评审意见书》(鲁矿勘审金字〔2015〕7号)。本次备案通过的资源储量情况详查区内新增金矿石量20,715,771t,金金属量69,003kg,平均品位3.33×10-6。为尽快实现矿区经济效益,近年来,公司根据辽上矿区的地质工作情况,积极推进相关开采手续的办理工作。2018年4月14日,公司收到自然资源部关于《山东省烟台市牟平区辽上矿区金矿资源储量核实报告》矿产资源储量评审备案证明(国土资储备字﹝2018﹞139号),结论为辽上矿区矿床地质勘查工作达到勘探程度,保有资源储量:金矿,矿石量17,405,182吨,金金属量69,913千克,平均品位4.02×10-6,低品位金矿,矿石量2957105t,金金属量5616kg,平均品位Au1.90x 10-6。
  截止报告期末,公司拥有金矿采矿权16个,总面积为15.31平方公里,主要为公司本部和子公司栖霞金兴等拥有的矿权;拥有探矿权21个,总面积为62.48平方公里;公司探明黄金储量约112.01吨。
  5、安全生产优势
  公司一直坚持“安全为了生产、生产必须安全”的安全观,逐级建立了安全生产管理网络,配备了专职的安全生产管理人员,制定了完善的安全作业管理制度、安全标准化考核制度、安全操作规程等相关制度,并按照“横到边、纵到底”的原则签订各级各部门安全责任状,逐级落实安全责任,做到“人人关注安全工作、人人负有安全责任、人人参与安全管理”,为公司创造了和谐的外部环境,保障了公司的持续、健康发展。
  公司是山东省安全生产监督管理局核准的金属非金属矿山安全标准化二级企业(第一批)、危险化学品从业单位安全标准化二级企业,并被评为烟台市安全生产管理先进单位和示范单位、烟台市AAA级劳动关系和谐企业。
  6、管理优势
  公司的管理团队在矿产勘查、采选冶炼、企业管理、技术研发等方面,始终坚持“依托市场定位技术、依托技术支撑经营、依托经营保障盈利”的发展理念,把握技术创新,持续进行攻关和突破。公司董事长、总经理已在黄金行业工作达20多年,从中积累了丰富的技术创新和管理经验。公司拥有一支精干的矿山和冶炼管理团队,他们在勘探、采矿、选矿、冶炼领域积累了丰富的经验。公司的技术人员在本行业都有多年的工作经验,为企业的稳定、持续发展提供了保障。
  公司于近年创新考核模式,全面推行以毛利润为核心依据的考核办法,考核落实到具体生产车间,将原料端的考核与生产端的效益相挂钩,由此直接促进了两个系统的紧密合作,大大提高了企业的综合经济效益,在各层级自主经营管理上发挥了独到的优势。 收起▲