主营介绍

  • 产品类型:

    制冰产品、压缩机(组)、中央空调系统、油气技术服务

  • 产品名称:

    制冰产品 压缩机(组) 中央空调系统 油气技术服务

  • 经营范围:

    制冷、空调设备、压缩机、发电机组的制造和销售;金属压力容器制造;压力容器设计(第一类压力容器、第二类低、中压力容器);压力管道设计(GC2、GC3级);压力管道安装(GC2级);制冷设备、环保设备安装调试、维修服务;制冷设备研发、技术咨询;钢结构制作与安装,防腐保温工程;对外贸易;五金交电、化工产品(不含化学危险品及易毒制毒化学品)及机电设备、金属材料的销售。(依法须经批准的项目,经相关部门批准后方可开展经营活动)。

运营业务数据

最新公告日期:2018-04-28 
业务名称 2017-12-31 2016-12-31 2015-12-31 2014-12-31
制冷设备生产制造库存量(套) 2888.00 1916.00 1293.00 875.00
容器生产制造库存量(套) - - 34.00 14.00

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 制冷设备生产制造 3.96亿 71.53% 3.07亿 74.10% 63.90% 22.50%
油气技术服务 1.17亿 21.15% 7269.84万 17.54% 31.86% 37.96%
中央空调系统销售安装 4058.21万 7.32% 3465.96万 8.36% 4.24% 14.59%
按产品 压缩机(组) 1.99亿 35.98% 1.62亿 38.96% 27.13% 18.99%
制冰设备 1.97亿 35.55% 1.46亿 35.14% 36.77% 26.06%
油气技术服务 1.17亿 21.15% 7269.84万 17.54% 31.86% 37.96%
中央空调系统 4058.21万 7.32% 3465.96万 8.36% 4.24% 14.59%
按地区 境内销售 4.49亿 81.04% 3.42亿 82.56% 76.52% 23.79%
境外销售 1.05亿 18.96% 7228.11万 17.44% 23.48% 31.21%

董事会经营评述

  一、概述  2018年上半年,中美贸易争端持续升级以及国内金融实行稳杠杆政策,对我国经济产生多重负面影响,中国经济面临巨大挑战,原材料价格、资金成本的上升,公司所处的市场竞争更加严峻。  报告期内,公司凭借掌握压缩机核心技术以及品牌优势,加快在工业冷冻领域的拓展,加快进口产品替代。在化工、石油、天然气压缩机市场获得快速增长。  报告期内,公司加速在氢能源领域的战略布局,积极推进"AUTOROTOR"氢燃料电池空气循环系统生产的组织工作,公司目前已经相继向上燃动力、苏州弗尔赛、金华青年曼、国电投、郑州宇通、武汉泰歌氢能、中国电子科技集团、清华大学等11家车企和科研机构提供能匹配于新能源汽车的... 查看全部▼

  一、概述
  2018年上半年,中美贸易争端持续升级以及国内金融实行稳杠杆政策,对我国经济产生多重负面影响,中国经济面临巨大挑战,原材料价格、资金成本的上升,公司所处的市场竞争更加严峻。
  报告期内,公司凭借掌握压缩机核心技术以及品牌优势,加快在工业冷冻领域的拓展,加快进口产品替代。在化工、石油、天然气压缩机市场获得快速增长。
  报告期内,公司加速在氢能源领域的战略布局,积极推进"AUTOROTOR"氢燃料电池空气循环系统生产的组织工作,公司目前已经相继向上燃动力、苏州弗尔赛、金华青年曼、国电投、郑州宇通、武汉泰歌氢能、中国电子科技集团、清华大学等11家车企和科研机构提供能匹配于新能源汽车的空气压缩机核心部件试验样品,已与如皋市亚曼汽车有限公司及其关联企业青年汽车集团有限公司、新研氢能源科技有限公司、安徽明天氢能科技股份有限公司、张家港富瑞氢能装备有限公司在氢燃料电池技术及产业化领域签署战略合作协议,将在氢燃料电池整车(FCV)领域、氢燃料电池发动机空气供应系统和氢气循环泵领域进行战略合作。
  报告期内,为了响应国家鼓励实施煤改气、油改气工程的节能减排政策,缓解能源压力和环境压力,公司及全资子公司佳运油气与中科睿凌江苏低温设备有限公司签署了战略合作框架协议,将在天然气加工领域为用户提供完整的天然气加工处理撬块装置,快速占领天然气加工液化处理的市场份额。
  报告期内,公司实现营业收入55,417.90万元,较上年同期增加33.06%;实现营业利润1,039.28万元,同比增加547.32%;实现利润总额1,192.58万元,同比增加23.08%。实现归属母公司净利润1,081.69万元,同比增加0.18%。
  二、公司面临的风险和应对措施
  (一)公司发展所面临的风险因素
  1、市场竞争加剧的风险尽管制冷行业市场总体需求处于增长,但是竞争愈加激烈,在未来市场的发展仍会面临一定的不确定因素,产品市场可能会发生变化,将对公司业务发展和经营成果带来一定的影响。公司进一步加强核心竞争力,持续进行技术研发、技术创新以及项目储备,保证不同产品、不同市场、不同行业领域之间的互补,从而增强公司抗风险能力。
  2、存货风险
  随着公司新业务和新产品的不断增长,存货增长速度较快。一方面组织专门责任部门进行管理流程梳理,加强库存管理,合理控制存货。另一方面对期末存货定期进行减值测试来规避可能的风险。
  3、应收账款回收风险
  随着公司收入规模的扩大,应收账款金额也不断增加,存在应收账款无法收回的风险。公司将强化客户资信评估和合同签订前预评审流程,从源头上提高订单质量;通过加强合同评审、发货审核及售后服务等环节管控,提高合同执行质量;密切关注客户资信和现金流状况、客户所服务行业领域的市场变化情况,防范因客户经营不善而造成坏账损失。
  4、汇率风险
  2018年上半年自人民币贬值以来,中国经济的诸多领域都深受影响,预计将来外币会汇率持续波动,汇率的波动将会对公司的经营业绩带来一定的影响。为防止汇率波动对公司经营业绩带来的影响,公司将采取远期结汇的方式努力实现套期保值以及与国外客户约定汇率变化共担风险等方式。
  5、原材料价格上升风险近期受供给侧结构性改革等政策影响,导致原材料钢材价格市场波动较大,原材料价格存在上涨风险,推动生产成本上
  升,对公司盈利水平造成一定影响。
  6、氢能源汽车政策风险氢能源汽车属于新兴产业,由于技术原因导致的成本较高,阻碍了行业发展初期的市场应用推广,从全世界范围来看,各国政府均会给予氢能源汽车产业较大的政策支持来消除这一障碍。近年来,我国在氢能源汽车推广应用方面给予了极大的政策支持,中央和地方政府的财政补贴政策纷纷出台。但随着新能源汽车产业的不断发展,未来存在各级政府调整补贴政策、减小扶持力度的可能,这将对氢能源汽车项目产生不利影响。
  (二)公司面临风险的应对措施
  1、为应对原材料价格波动带来的风险,公司已集中优势资源,依靠多年丰富的市场实战经验以及信息渠道广的优势,研究分析钢材、铜、铝价格的走势,及时调整原材料采购模式,充分利用套期保值功能,最大限度地降低原材料波动风险;
  2、充分利用自身品牌、区域和规模等优势,加强研发投入,持续优化产品结构,全面增强在行业内的影响力和竞争力;
  3、密切关注国家政策的调整、宏观经济形势及产业政策变化,积极制定相应的经营策略,加快技术创新、营销创新和管理创新,不断完善公司治理和人才储备。
  (三)公司主要业绩驱动因素
  1、从制冰机行业来看,随着经济发展和技术进步,制冰设备下游应用领域范围不断扩展,在食品加工、商超物流、远洋捕捞等行业冷链物流领域,包括核电、水利水电、建筑工程等行业在内的混凝土降温领域,以及冰雪体育、食用冰、制药医疗等领域广泛应用,制冰设备仍有较大的市场需求。同时,国外新兴国家经济发展,对制冰机需求量有较大增长,因此国内外制冰机的市场仍有较大发展空间。
  2、从压缩机行业来看,目前国外主要厂商占据了全球一半以上的用户市场。在国内市场上,随着城市化和工业化进程的加快,以及在国家产业结构调整、发展先进装备制造以及鼓励节能环保、冷链物流行业发展的产业政策的指导下,我国商业冷藏和工业冷冻设备市场快速发展,这将直接推动我国压缩机市场需求进一步扩大。我国食品安全法的修改以及医疗器械冷链(运输、贮存)管理指南的出台预示着食品药品的安全监管逐步趋严,倒逼食品药品冷链设备加速布局。
  2018年上半年,多起疫苗安全问题事件突起,随着药品安全监管升级、政策持续加码和投资资金的集中是推动冷链物流行业发展提速的催化剂,而且国内冷链产业发展和分布不均衡,供应链上下游之间缺乏配套协调,给压缩机产业带来了较大的发展机遇。
  从冷链物流领域来看,随着消费升级,新零售(生鲜电商等)发展迅猛,目前存量冷库已不能满足新零售配送中心的位置及功能布局要求,新零售(生鲜电商、催熟、鲜花等)需快速全国布点,需要有实力、有资源的综合型供应商合作。
  公司将致力于投资、管理和服务高品质、高智慧的冷库资产一体化平台,服务冷链行业巨大市场。主要的运营业务模式为:数字化冷库+合作运营+干改冷+改善自营+新建库合作,为新零售提供标准的城市周转配送库和零售前置仓。
  3、从氢能源行业来看,国家发展改革委、工业和信息化部、科技部、能源局等部委积极贯彻落实党中央、国务院决策部署,陆续出台了《能源技术革命创新行动计划(2016-2030年)》、《汽车产业中长期发展规划》、《"十三五"能源领域科技创新专项规划》等一系列文件,支持氢能和燃料电池技术研发突破,引导氢能产业有序发展。
  2018年2月财政部等部门联合发布《关于调整完善新能源汽车推广应用财政补贴政策的通知》,规定从2018年2月12日至2018年6月11日为新政过渡期过渡期间上牌的新能源乘用车新能源客车按照对应标准的0.7倍补贴新能源货车和专用车按0.4倍补贴,燃料电池汽车补贴标准不变。基于此背景,氢能和燃料电池汽车在各地政府的推广应用呈现出良好的发展势头。上海、武汉、苏州、重庆、河南、海南、广东等地纷纷出台具体的管理办法或指导意见,极大地支持了氢能与燃料电池汽车产业的发展。


  三、核心竞争力分析
  技术创新是企业发展的原动力。公司重视知识产权的战略布局,通过国际并购及不断地技术研发,掌握了压缩机技术的"中国芯",并持续进行技术创新,不断进行压缩机制冷设备生产线升级改造、压缩机技术研发投入,布局氢燃料电池空气循环系统、氢气循环泵、氢燃料电池电堆等氢能源领域核心技术开发,进一步加快在氢能源领域的技术研发和应用,增强市场核心竞争力。
  在品牌上,公司拥有国际知名制冰设备品牌"SNOWKEY"、两大国际压缩机品牌"SRM"、"Refcomp"、螺杆膨胀发电机品牌"Opcon"等,品牌认可度高,增强了公司在国内外制冷设备领域的品牌影响力。此外公司拥有全球知名的"AUTOROTOR"氢燃料电池空气循环系统,为全球知名的氢燃料汽车生产商提供空气循环系统。
  在技术成果上,公司获得"科技小巨人领军企业"的荣誉,被评为"国家绿色工厂","智能化天然工质压缩机和互联网+在海洋水产品加工设备中的应用于产业化项目"被列入国家"十三五"海洋经济创新示范项目,"高效节能压缩机制造绿色关键工艺系统集成项目"被列入国家绿色制造示范项目,公司联合清华大学、宇通客车、安泰科技、上海交通大学、北京理工大学、武汉理工大学等12家企业高校,以中国船舶重工集团公司第七一二研究所为依托单位,承担的《快速动态响应燃料电池发动机研发项目》入选国家重点研发计划"新能源汽车"重点专项项目。独创和拥有数十项制造工艺和非专利性的关键技术,自主研发的国家专利就多达121项,节能制冰产品和高效制冷压缩机出口到50多个国家和地区。
  在研发能力上,公司技术研发团队集合了美国、瑞典、意大利等经验丰富的研发人员的参与,拥有强大的压缩机及其机组的开发和应用能力。核心制冷压缩机不断寻求技术研发向多领域横向发展,坚持"天然工质、绿色发展"的核心价值观,开发离心式压缩机技术以及如氨、水、CO2等天然工质制冷剂的制冷技术。公司压缩机产品系列齐全,应用领域广泛,产品覆盖工业冷冻、商业冷藏、冷链物流、节能环保、新能源等领域。技术得到国际制冷行业的广泛认可。 收起▲