主营介绍

  • 产品类型:

    4G技术行业应用、精密组件

  • 产品名称:

    技术开发服务 4G模块及智能终端 结构件 模具

  • 经营范围:

    移动通讯终端、物联网终端设备、移动通讯模块、移动产品、电子产品的研发及技术服务;塑胶制品、塑胶电子制品、塑胶五金精密模具的研发及技术服务;国内贸易,货物及技术进出口。(法律、行政法规或者国务院决定禁止和规定在登记前须经批准的项目除外);移动通讯终端、移动产品、电子产品、塑胶制品、塑胶电子制品、塑胶五金精密模具的生产;其他印刷品印刷;普通货运。

运营业务数据

最新公告日期:2018-04-27 
业务名称 2017-12-31 2016-12-31 2015-12-31 2014-12-31
精密结构件销量(个) 1.13亿 - - -
精密结构件产量(个) 9291.44万 - - -
4G模块及智能终端产量(个) 45.45万 - - -
4G模块及智能终端销量(个) 43.00万 - - -
精密结构件产量(个/件) - 8323.04万 8974.58万 8572.08万
精密结构件销量(个/件) - 8817.06万 8046.45万 7962.51万

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 4G技术行业应用 1.46亿 54.72% 1.05亿 50.07% 71.57% 28.29%
精密组件 1.21亿 45.28% 1.05亿 49.93% 28.43% 13.58%
按产品 结构件 1.18亿 44.10% 1.03亿 49.54% 26.47% 12.64%
4G模块及智能终端 1.11亿 41.49% 8968.87万 43.12% 37.76% 19.17%
技术开发服务 3539.15万 13.23% 1525.43万 7.33% 35.76% 56.90%
模具 315.30万 1.18% - - - -
按地区 华南地区 2.09亿 73.32% 1.65亿 76.02% 80.61% 21.14%
境外 3162.14万 11.11% 2670.59万 12.33% 8.98% 15.54%
华东地区 3092.85万 10.86% 2523.18万 11.65% 10.41% 18.42%
境内其他 1342.63万 4.72% - - - -

董事会经营评述

  一、概述  报告期内,公司所处的4G技术行业应用领域继续保持高速发展态势,4G技术在物联网行业中开展全面和深度应用,市场需求进一步扩大。精密组件行业受智能手机市场增长放缓及终端品牌客户的因素影响,行业发展放缓。  报告期内,公司对外加大产品和技术推广力度,对内持续提升运营效率和经营质量,2018年上半年的经营成果较为稳健。  2018年上半年实现收入28,472.15万元,比上年同期增加3,658.99万元,同期增长比为14.75%。实现归属于母公司净利润1,817.76万元,比上年同期增加140.00万元,同期增长比为8.34%。实现归属于母公司扣除非经常性损益后净利润1,052.40万... 查看全部▼

  一、概述
  报告期内,公司所处的4G技术行业应用领域继续保持高速发展态势,4G技术在物联网行业中开展全面和深度应用,市场需求进一步扩大。精密组件行业受智能手机市场增长放缓及终端品牌客户的因素影响,行业发展放缓。
  报告期内,公司对外加大产品和技术推广力度,对内持续提升运营效率和经营质量,2018年上半年的经营成果较为稳健。
  2018年上半年实现收入28,472.15万元,比上年同期增加3,658.99万元,同期增长比为14.75%。实现归属于母公司净利润1,817.76万元,比上年同期增加140.00万元,同期增长比为8.34%。实现归属于母公司扣除非经常性损益后净利润1,052.40万元,比上年同期减少406.55万元,同期下降比为27.87%。
  报告期内,公司4G技术行业应用业务实现收入14,634.48万元,比上年同期增加6,567.38万元,同期增长比为81.41%。其中,公司自有品牌4G通信模组及终端业务实现收入11,095.33万元,比上年同期增加8,315.94万元,同期增长比为299.20%。
  4G技术开发业务实现收入3,539.15万元,比上年同期下降1,748.56万元,同期下降比为33.07%。精密组件业务实现收入12,110.12万元,比上年同期减少4,432.39万元,同期下降比为26.79%。
  从收入占比来看,去年同期4G技术行业应用业务收入占比为32.51%,报告期内收入占比为51.40%;精密组件业务去年同期的收入占比为66.67%,报告期内收入占比为42.53%。4G技术行业应用的收入占比不断提升,而精密组件业务的收入占比逐步下降。从毛利率角度分析,4G技术行业应用中,4G模组及终端的毛利率去年同期为19.84%,报告期内为19.17%,毛利率保持基本稳定;技术开发业务毛利率去年同期为49.92%,报告期内为56.90%,毛利率继续保持较高水平。精密结构件业务毛利率去年同期为18.37%,报告期内为12.64%,呈现下降的趋势。
  公司自有品牌通信模组业务持续保持高速增长,主要原因如下:
  1、4G技术开始在物联网行业中快速取代2G\3G技术,4G解决方案和产品的市场需求量增大;
  2、公司执行"通信模组标准化、智能模组定制化"的产品策略,产品在技术性和实用性上贴近市场和客户需求,订单量增长迅速。公司技术开发业务和精密组件业务则受到客户需求放缓的影响,收入有所下降。
  公司整体业务仍呈现良性发展态势。

  二、公司面临的风险和应对措施
  1、精密组件业务市场竞争风险
  报告期内公司精密组件业务实现收入1.21亿元,较上年同期下降26.79%,精密组件业务面临较大的市场竞争风险。从行业来看,全球智能手机市场容量增速放缓,金属和玻璃材质的结构件占比不断提升,塑胶结构件市场份额或将进一步压缩,行业发展存在不确定性。从市场来看,智能手机行业的品牌集中度越来越高,市场资源不断向前几大核心品牌聚集,导致公司现有客户的市场份额和运营空间受到挤压,进而影响公司精密组件业务发展。如果公司不能从客户开拓、产品技术等方面取得突破,精密组件业务有可能出现订单不足、收入继续下滑的市场竞争风险。公司将提升产品的品质和交付,服务好现有客户,合理配置人力资源及运营资源,并持续进行新客户开发,降低市场竞争风险。
  2、精密组件业务毛利率下降风险
  近年来智能手机市场客户集中度不断提升,核心客户的话语权和议价能力持续增强,客户的产品定价策略、交付要求和品质要求愈加严苛。激烈的市场竞争导致客户终端产品定价策略激进,传导到供应链上则压缩了包括结构件在内的产品的毛利率水平和盈利空间。去年同期精密结构件毛利率为18.37%,报告期为毛利率为12.64%,同比下降5.73个百分点。随着深圳市上调最低工资标准,人力成本将进一步上升,预计未来精密组件业务的毛利率或将进一步下降。公司将通过梳理自身供应链体系,通过降低供应链成本,取得更有利的付款条件,来降低采购成本和财务费用,应对毛利率下降的风险。
  3、核心技术人员流失和核心技术泄露风险
  无线通信模组与技术开发服务对核心技术人员存在依赖性,掌握行业核心技术与保持核心技术团队稳定是公司生存和发展的根本。公司目前无线通信模组和智能终端产品除前期设计由公司完成外,制造则通过委外加工的方式交由其他公司完成,存在技术泄密风险。虽然公司与核心技术人员、外协厂商均签订了《保密协议》,但若未来发生较大规模的核心技术人员流失或核心技术外泄,将对公司产品的研发进程、技术领先地位及生产经营活动产生不利影响。公司将进一步完善人力资源管理,加强企业文化建设,提供有竞争力的薪酬体系,保持核心技术人员的稳定。对外协加工厂则进一步加强核心技术管理,并且通过优化加工流程降低核心技术外泄风险。
  4、模组产品质量管控风险
  公司无线通信模组目前在移动支付终端、物流终端、基站监控设备、车载设备、安防监控等领域大规模应用,并且部分产品在海外市场销售和使用。如果公司模组产品在品质控制方面出现批量性问题,对应产生的产品维修维护成本和退换货成本将极为昂贵,并且还有可能产生终端客户的索赔成本。公司将在研发过程中加强品质风险因素排查和解除,加强研发阶段的品质管理,在量产阶段加强品质团队建设、加强品质管控体系建设、通过信息化技术辅助品质管理等措施,来降低出现批量性品质问题的风险。
  5、应收账款坏账风险
  公司根据行业惯例会给客户信用期,随着公司业务规模的继续扩大,应收账款余额可能会增加。截至2018年6月30日,公司应收账款净额14,518.94万元,比年初下降了25.88%。虽然公司目前应收账款回收情况良好,但受宏观经济以及手机等移动智能终端产业增长放缓的影响,如果客户经营状况发生重大不利变化,则公司应收账款存在坏账风险。公司将密切关注现有客户的经营状况,继续导入业内其他重点优质客户,通过客户结构优化来控制应收账款坏账风险。
  6、汇率风险
  公司4G模组产品的原材料采购以美金结算为主,模组产品的销售以人民币结算为主,报告期内,美金持续升值,人民币持续贬值,汇率波动导致4G模组产品的毛利被稀释,公司汇兑损益升高。如汇率继续波动,则公司经营将面临较大的汇率风险。公司将积极利用贸易融资、远期结汇等金融工具,规避汇率风险;同时通过加快拓展海外客户,平衡美金和人民币收支;加强产品定价管理,根据汇率变动情况建立价格调节机制等方式来降低汇率波动带来的经营风险。

  三、核心竞争力分析
  1、研发的前瞻性
  公司自成立以来,始终坚持在4G无线通信技术领域进行持续投入,早在2012年就率先与高通签署专利授权协议,成为国内首批基于4G/LTE核心模组进行全方位产品和技术开发的企业之一。除了扎实做好在通信链接方面的技术研究外,公司还注重将具有发展潜力的新兴技术(如神经元算法技术、人脸识别技术、语音识别技术等)与4G通信技术进行结合,以领先市场推出具技术特色的产品,并且积极开展基于5G通信技术的产品预研工作。
  2、研发团队优势
  公司坚持"以人为本,研发优先"的团队建设理念,始终把研发团队的建设作为公司经营发展最核心的环节。公司研发人员主要为计算机软硬件、无线微波、电子通信、移动操作系统等相关专业背景。针对不同客户需求及不同行业应用领域,公司分别在西安、武汉、上海、深圳组建研发团队。公司研发骨干大多都有多年通信行业的研发经验,并曾在世界知名企业及行业技术领先的企业工作,研发团队结构合理。
  3、产品的技术优势
  公司产品硬件设计合理、软件性能稳定,执行标准高于行业标准,具备一定的技术优势。公司在产品研发设计阶段,制定了详细的软硬件测试认证等过程质量标准;在产品交付标准上,制定了工业级、车规级的可靠性标准,如满足-40至+85度的模块运行标准、长期高温高湿(温度85度,湿度85度)、跌落碰撞冲击等测试标准,通过高规格的产品标准不断优化产品的器件选型、原理图设计等,提高产品的可靠性和竞争力。
  4、产品的创新优势
  公司基于物联网领域中不同行业应用的特殊要求,对产品进行定制化设计和研究,贴近市场和客户需求进行创新产品的开发。如基于LTE的小型定制化智能模组,通过高速无线通信网络进行银行支付认证或接入物流服务商后台系统,可适配于各种支付终端和物流终端,大大降低了用户的设计门槛及量产周期;基于LTE的车内无线WIFI覆盖技术及后台管理方案可以通过车内12V的供电系统,实现车内WIFI全覆盖;基于LTE的共享车辆中控系统方案,通过LTE网络及模组设计实现后台对于车辆的全方位管理。 收起▲