主营介绍

  • 产品类型:

    光伏产品、光伏电站

  • 产品名称:

    硅棒 硅片 太阳能电池片 太阳能电池组件 光伏电站承建

  • 经营范围:

    硅棒、硅片、太阳能电池片和太阳能电池组件等产品的制造、研发和销售;太阳能光伏发电系统的承建等,本集团的主要产品和服务包括:硅棒、硅片、太阳能电池片和太阳能电池组件以及光伏电站承建等。

运营业务数据

最新公告日期:2018-04-24 
业务名称 2017-12-31 2016-12-31 2015-12-31 2014-12-31 2013-12-31
太阳能电池组件销量(MW) 1529.37 1527.33 1249.06 789.98 717.86
太阳能电池组件产量(MW) 1551.12 1512.06 1323.98 878.37 628.45
硅片产量(片) 1.72亿 1.87亿 1.35亿 - -
电池片销量(MW) 17.87 21.13 54.62 186.69 24.24
电池片产量(MW) 1177.70 1088.17 983.60 885.04 644.04
硅片销量(片) - - 6658.30万 - -

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 制造业 14.96亿 96.19% 13.43亿 98.50% 79.78% 10.24%
其他 5931.75万 3.81% 2047.28万 1.50% 20.22% 65.49%
按产品 太阳能电池组件 14.94亿 96.08% 13.41亿 98.37% 79.83% 10.26%
发电业务 5931.75万 3.81% 2047.28万 1.50% 20.22% 65.49%
其他 167.27万 0.11% 176.83万 0.13% -0.05% -5.72%
按地区 国内 14.09亿 90.56% 12.23亿 89.68% 96.83% 13.20%
国外 1.47亿 9.44% 1.41亿 10.32% 3.17% 4.14%

董事会经营评述

  一、经营情况的讨论与分析  报告期内,我国光伏产业规模保持稳定发展,光伏发电新增装机量与去年同期基本持平。从政策层面看,国家支持光伏发展的方向未变、决心未动摇。但近期发布的政策有控制市场过热、加快补贴退坡的意向。  2018年5月31日,国家发改委、财政部和国家能源局联合下发《关于2018年光伏发电有关事项的通知》(行业俗称"531新政"),明确表示暂不安排2018年普通光伏电站建设规模、确定全年10GW的分布式光伏项目指标规模,并对5月31日之后新投运的光伏电站标杆上网电价每千瓦时统一降低0.05元。"531新政"的发布在光伏行业内引起不小的震动。虽然长远来看,新政的落实将进一步加快政府... 查看全部▼

  一、经营情况的讨论与分析
  报告期内,我国光伏产业规模保持稳定发展,光伏发电新增装机量与去年同期基本持平。从政策层面看,国家支持光伏发展的方向未变、决心未动摇。但近期发布的政策有控制市场过热、加快补贴退坡的意向。
  2018年5月31日,国家发改委、财政部和国家能源局联合下发《关于2018年光伏发电有关事项的通知》(行业俗称"531新政"),明确表示暂不安排2018年普通光伏电站建设规模、确定全年10GW的分布式光伏项目指标规模,并对5月31日之后新投运的光伏电站标杆上网电价每千瓦时统一降低0.05元。"531新政"的发布在光伏行业内引起不小的震动。虽然长远来看,新政的落实将进一步加快政府补贴的退出、加速平价上网进程,促使光伏企业提高核心竞争力,但短期而言,光伏企业承受了较大的经营压力,盈利形势严峻。据中国光伏行业协会统计,"531新政"后,国内超过10家硅料厂开始停产检修,以此控制产能。硅片、电池片、组件的市场价格在6月份也出现了快速下降,各大预测机构纷纷下调了国内全年新增装机规模。下半年,产能扩张与市场需求暴跌之间的矛盾将愈加突出,行业竞争愈演愈烈,中小企业生存环境堪忧。
  报告期内,面对突变的行业政策以及严峻的市场环境,公司董事会努力克服困难,坚定发展信心、着眼长远发展,更加重视技术进步、产业升级,以优良的产品质量、服务质量助推市场开拓,多措并举、稳扎稳打,保证了企业生产经营的平稳运行,在严酷的行业形势下仍实现了盈利。
  报告期内,主要开展了以下几方面工作:
  (一)以技术创新推动光伏行业技术进步、产业升级
  以创新驱动可持续发展是公司秉承的发展理念。尤其在政府补贴加速退场、平价上网迫在眉睫的大背景下,持续的技术创新才能推动产品效率提升、成本下降。报告期内,公司着力于产线各环节技术研发及成果转化工作,并取得阶段性成果。
  在硅片切割方面,公司已具备成熟可靠的金刚线切割技术,同时持续开展金刚线切割薄片化技术、金刚线冷却液回收利用技术研发,为公司后续发展储备动力;单多晶高效电池的技术提升重点在于背面保护层、正反面浆料的优化以及部分工艺过程的优化。CVD端通过卡点与酸洗工艺改进,有效降低返工比率约0.2%,网印端通过新一代高效单晶浆料的导入有效提升电池效率0.05%-0.1%,在扩散、退火等工艺上,通过缩短时间使得产能进一步提升。此外,选择性发射极(SE)技术的开发,于2018年上半年取得长足进步,可增加电池效率0.2%-0.3%;组件可量产275-290W功率的高效多晶组件(60片)和300W-310W功率的高效单晶组件(60片)。搭配半片技术,72片高效单晶组件量产可达到380W。
  知识产权方面,截至2018年6月30日,公司拥有专利288项,其中发明专利90项;2018年新申报专利43项,其中发明专利19项。
  强大的研发能力、前瞻性的技术储备为产品品质、市场拓展保驾护航,也为公司未来发展创造了有利条件。
  (二)坚持高质量发展,以优良的产能质量、产品质量、电站质量推动公司可持续发展
  公司在生产投入、电站经营方面一直坚持质的提升而非量的竞赛,稳扎稳打、步步为营。
  近几年,公司未对外盲目扩张产能,而是通过对原有生产线持续的技术改造及设备升级,逐步淘汰落后产能、释放优质产能。目前,PERC电池产能占公司电池总产能的100%,双面双玻组件产能达1.2GW。
  产品品质方面,目前公司单晶高效电池最高转化效率可达22.4%,多晶高效电池最高转换效率可达20.2%。产品拥有国内外多个知名认证中心的质量认证,有较高的品牌美誉度,能满足领跑者计划、超级领跑者计划及海外不同市场、不同应用场景需求。
  报告期内,公司生产的高效单晶双面双玻组件(JanusII)顺利通过德国权威认证机构VED的2倍PID测试,成为行业首家获得P型双面双玻组件2倍PID证书的企业。
  高质量的发展理念还体现在公司电站建设及运营领域。目前公司通过下属子公司拥有且运维合计约190.6MW光伏电站,对于每个电站项目的开发、建设及运维,公司都全程把控、监督,确保项目建设质量及发电效率。此外,所有项目均位于东部电力需求较大的地区,避免了弃光限电现象的发生。2018年上半年,公司光伏电站共计发电约7853万千瓦时。新开发的"金坛区直溪镇三期40.4MW鱼塘水面光伏电站"已于2018年6月份顺利并网发电。
  (三)抢占国内市场,布局海外新兴市场
  公司拥有一批在光伏行业从业多年的销售精英,团队稳定、向心力良好。凭借其专业的沟通、谈判技巧、超强的服务意识,与客户建立了良好的合作关系,在光伏产业供需矛盾突出、市场竞争白热化阶段,仍能顶住压力,取得一定的销售成绩。2018年7月,国内销售部成功中标国家电投第三批领跑基地组件项目,共计中标511MW,为公司后续发展增加了保障。国际销售部在巩固欧洲、日本等传统市场的同时,在部分新兴市场如墨西哥、阿根廷、新西兰等也实现了销售突破,销售范围涉及到19个国家。
  报告期内,公司组件出货量687MW(含自建40.4MW电站),出货总量较上年同期下降约22.98%;实现营业收入155,844.26万元,较上年同期减少34.87%;归属于上市公司股东的净利润1,713.92万元,较上年同期减少42%。业绩下滑的主要原因是市场竞争加剧,组件产品的销售毛利率同期有所下降。

  二、可能面对的风险
  1、市场竞争加剧的风险
  过去几年光伏市场持续增长,引发企业新一轮的产能扩张,今年在"531新政"发布后,下半年国内光伏市场需求骤减,供需失衡矛盾将更加突出,倒逼企业降低价格求生存,市场竞争日趋激烈。企业若不能在技术研发、产品创新、成本优化、质量控制等方面持续保持竞争优势,则存在因市场竞争而导致经营业绩下滑的风险。
  公司将持续进行技术创新、产品及品牌创新,从客户不同应用场景需求及偏好出发,提供个性化、定制化产品,并通过智能化生产提效降本提升质量,增强公司的市场竞争力及抗风险能力,促进公司的长期可持续发展。
  2、光伏产业政策变化风险
虽然近几年光伏发电成本不断下降,但目前总体而言仍然略高于传统发电方式成本,尚不具备独立的市场竞争力,现阶段需要依靠政府的电价补贴等扶持政策推动市场化。中国目前作为最大的光伏发电应用国家,与国外大多数光伏发电应用市场一样,采取的是逐步递减光伏电价补贴方式。从国家近期发布的政策来看,政府补贴在加速退场,给企业带来一定的经营压力。
  3、光伏产品进口国贸易保护政策风险
  近年来我国光伏产业发展快速,其生产的电池片、组件成为部分国家贸易保护的主要对象。
  目前海外几个主要市场、如欧盟、美国、印度等,都存在针对我国光伏电池类产品发起的反倾销、反补贴案件。其中,印度作为中国光伏产品最大的海外出口市场,自2017年以来颇受中国光伏企业的重视。2018年7月30日,印度财政部税务局正式宣布,自7月30日起对中国、马来西亚及发达国家进入该国的太阳能光伏产品(包括晶体硅电池及组件和薄膜电池及组件)征收为期两年的保障措施税。此次的保障性税收措施,势必会削弱印度市场的需求。
  无休止的贸易争端阻碍了我国光伏"走出去"的步伐,对公司光伏产品的境外销售构成不利影响。

  三、报告期内核心竞争力分析
  报告期内公司的核心竞争力无重要变化。 收起▲