主营介绍

  • 产品类型:

    天然气销售、天然气设备制造、油品销售、石油天然气开采

  • 产品名称:

    天然气销售 天然气设备制造 油品销售 石油天然气开采

  • 经营范围:

    绿色能源领域内的技术开发、技术咨询、技术服务、技术转让;自有资金对外投资及投资咨询(非金融类投资);商品进出口业务(法律、法规和国务院决定禁止的项目不得经营,依法须经批准的项目,经相关部门批准后方可开展经营活动)。

运营业务数据

最新公告日期:2018-03-31 
业务名称 2017-12-31 2016-12-31 2015-12-31
天然气销量(方) 9.43亿 8.17亿 6.28亿
石油天然气开采销量(桶油当量) 1233.47万 - -
油品产量(吨) - - -
天然气储运设备销量(套) 64.00 40.00 51.00
天然气储运设备产量(套) 83.00 48.00 52.00
天然气产量(方) 4.11亿 3.62亿 2.93亿
油品销量(吨) 78.27万 - -
石油天然气开采产量(桶油当量) 1233.47万 - -
海外油气产量(桶油当量) - 671.08万 -
海外油气销量(桶油当量) - 671.08万 -
油品贸易销量(吨) - 26.90万 -
天然气汽车改装设备产量(个) - - 1584.00
天然气汽车改装设备销量(个) - - 3.54万

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 天然气销售 24.07亿 37.11% 18.64亿 37.64% 35.39% 22.54%
油品销售 21.16亿 32.62% 20.31亿 41.01% 5.55% 4.02%
石油天然气开采 19.44亿 29.98% 10.39亿 20.99% 59.02% 46.54%
天然气设备制造 1909.98万 0.29% 1839.11万 0.37% 0.05% 3.71%
按产品 天然气销售 24.07亿 37.11% 18.64亿 37.64% 35.39% 22.54%
油品销售 21.16亿 32.62% 20.31亿 41.01% 5.55% 4.02%
石油天然气开采 19.44亿 29.98% 10.39亿 20.99% 59.02% 46.54%
天然气设备制造 1909.98万 0.29% 1839.11万 0.37% 0.05% 3.71%
按地区 国外 26.09亿 40.22% 16.77亿 33.86% 60.76% 35.71%
华东地区 20.28亿 31.27% 17.09亿 34.50% 20.84% 15.76%
华北地区 6.16亿 9.50% 5.51亿 11.13% 4.22% 10.50%
华中地区 5.68亿 8.76% 4.43亿 8.94% 8.16% 22.04%
华南地区 3.51亿 5.40% 2.72亿 5.48% 5.15% 22.54%
东北地区 3.12亿 4.81% 2.99亿 6.04% 0.83% 4.06%
西北地区 171.61万 0.03% 132.93万 0.03% 0.03% 22.54%
西南地区 60.74万 0.0094% 47.05万 0.0095% 0.0089% 22.54%

董事会经营评述

  一、经营情况讨论与分析  公司秉承"倡导绿色生活的经营理念,采用先进的技术与管理经验,优化产业结构,发展清洁能源事业"的企业宗旨,坚持打造天然气全产业链布局为核心的发展战略。在报告期内,公司加大力度进行海外油气田开采工作,积极参与海外液化工厂建设,通过大力开发天然气分销工业客户和纵向延伸天然气产业链至利用端,促进天然气产业链的行程;公司依托国外油气资源,开拓原油进口分销业务,参与基金并购下游地炼厂,打通石油全产业链。  随着我国油气行业改革的不断推进,油气行业的市场准入条件在逐步放宽,民营油气企业有望获得更大的市场空间。2017年5月,《关于深化石油天然气体制改革的若干意见》出台,政府主管... 查看全部▼

  一、经营情况讨论与分析
  公司秉承"倡导绿色生活的经营理念,采用先进的技术与管理经验,优化产业结构,发展清洁能源事业"的企业宗旨,坚持打造天然气全产业链布局为核心的发展战略。在报告期内,公司加大力度进行海外油气田开采工作,积极参与海外液化工厂建设,通过大力开发天然气分销工业客户和纵向延伸天然气产业链至利用端,促进天然气产业链的行程;公司依托国外油气资源,开拓原油进口分销业务,参与基金并购下游地炼厂,打通石油全产业链。
  随着我国油气行业改革的不断推进,油气行业的市场准入条件在逐步放宽,民营油气企业有望获得更大的市场空间。2017年5月,《关于深化石油天然气体制改革的若干意见》出台,政府主管部门积极落实意见精神,围绕放宽准入、完善机制、加强监管,出台一系列重大举措,有序放开油气勘查开采体制,继续推进价格改革,完善石油进口管理办法。这为公司的发展提供了机遇。
  本报告期内,在公司董事会领导下的经营管理层坚持打造石油、天然气全产业链布局为核心的发展战略,全面落实各项工作部署。
  1、加大海外油气资产开发与勘探,实现海外油气资源进口
  公司在报告期内,收购青岛石油天然气32.49%股权,收购完成之后持有青岛石油天然气83.49%股权,即持有New Star83.49%股权,加强对海外油气田的主导权。进而加大对海外New Star及Long Run油气资产的资源开发与勘探,同时积极推进开展海外液化工厂产业建设工作,并依托于自有海外油气资源,实现自加拿大向国内常规性的原油进口,实现资源回国。
  2、加快LNG中转储备站建设进度,完善全产业链物流设施
  报告期内,公司在积极稳步推进江阴LNG中转储备站建设的同时,公司控股投资建设潮州闽粤经济合作区LNG储配站项目。该项目旨在通过利用潮州华丰集团股份有限公司自有国家一级开放LPG码头的优良自然条件,在5万吨级基础上扩建成8万吨级LNG/LPG接收储配站,扩大吞吐量,实现海外LNG进口与分销,从而完善公司全产业链中游物流设施,为LNG进口国内提供物流保障。
  3、开展原油期货交易业务,降低国际原油贸易风险,保障石油全产业链
  为充分发挥期货套期保值功能,有效规避市场风险、降低原油市场价格波动对公司原油贸易的影响,公司决定由下属子公司开展原油期货交易。公司进行原油期货交易业务不以投机、套利为目的,主要为有效规避原油价格波动对公司带来的影响,保障石油全产业链的有序进行。
  4、稳步拓展国内天然气分销业务,持续为公司贡献利润
  在我国具有先发优势的发达地区,"限煤增气"成为工业发展的重要选择,公司抓住机遇,在此领域内利用掌握的天然气资源拓展下游分销网络,促进天然气销售。

  二、报告期内主要经营情况
  本报告期内,公司实现营业收入64.93亿元,利润总额8.64亿元,净利润7.75亿元,其中归属于母公司所有者的净利润5.26亿元。

  三、公司关于公司未来发展的讨论与分析
  (一)行业格局和趋势
  "十三五"既是中国经济社会发展充满期待的时期,也是中国能源转型的关键时期。近年来,全国范围持续发生的雾霾事件越来越受到政府和民众的广泛关注,国家层面的能源结构优化和环境污染治理改革迫在眉睫。随着《大气污染防治行动计划》、《"十三五"生态环境保护规划》等环境保护的纲领性文件出台,及《巴黎协定》、2030年可持续发展协议的签订,我国逐渐确立了绿色、环保、可持续的新能源发展理念。新的发展理念要求我们必须加快推进能源革命,加大能源技术创新力度,努力实现能源转型,建设清洁低碳、安全高效的现代能源体系。纵观近来密集出台的油气政策,预计2018年油气行业将会出现以下趋势:
  1)民企在油气领域市场空间进一步扩大随着我国油气行业改革的不断推进,油气行业的市场准入条件在逐步放宽,民营油气企业有望获
  得更大的市场空间。2017年1月,发改委下发石油和天然气发展"十三五"规划提出,要推进油气体制改革,有序放开油气勘探开发、进出口及下游环节竞争性业务,有序发展LNG接收站调峰,鼓励多种主体参与储气能力建设。2017年5月,政府主管部门积极落实《关于深化石油天然气体制改革的若干意见》。此外,国内三大石油集团改制上市,追求规模效益的同时注重专业化管理,从区域性发展状态过渡到开放市场,积极引入民营油气公司和外资油气公司参与市场竞争,为民营企业发展提供一定市场空间。受益于国家鼓励民间资本参与油气工业,民企在油气行业的市场空间将进一步扩大,未来综合实力较强的民营油气企业将得到快速发展。
  2)油气资源对外依存度上升
  我国历来是油气消费大国,随着国家环保压力增大、城镇化建设、区域经济等发展,未来我国对于石油天然气的需求将持续增长。据中石油经济技术研究院发布的《2017年国内外油气行业发展报告》显示,对于中国市场,2017年,中国石油表观消费量增速回升,石油表观消费量约为5.88亿吨,增速为5.9%。全国原油产量继续下降,为1.92亿吨。由于国家收紧出口配额,中国成品油净出口结束5年的高增长,增速呈现断崖式回落,降至6.8%,而过去5年成品油净出口平均增速高达50%左右。中国天然气消费超预期增长,出现阶段性、区域性供气不足和LNG零售价格飙升,全年天然气消费量同比增长17%。2017年,中国炼油能力重回增长,达7.7亿吨/年。报告预测,2018年,中国石油表观消费量将首次突破6亿吨,对外依存度将逼近70%,中国天然气需求仍将保持快速增长。炼油能力增长将进一步加快,净增能力翻番。油气资源外依存度高,将为已进行海外布局的油气企业提供更大的市场空间。
  3)低碳化—天然气是实现转型最现实路径随着世界范围内的能源危机和环境危机日益凸显,新一轮能源转型正在孕育和发展,将推动人类
  能源利用以化石能源为主向以清洁能源为主进行战略转型,构建新型能源体系以应对气候变化、环境污染等重大挑战。低碳化,是构建新型能源体系的核心。中国能源结构也持续向清洁化演进。
  为此,作为推动能源转型的主角之一,石油公司必须勇挑大梁,勇当先行军。作为最清洁的化石能源,天然气储量大、易获得,且能够弥补风能、太阳能等可再生能源不易储存、供应不稳定的缺点,能够在高碳能源向低碳能源过渡中发挥顶梁柱的作用。对于石油公司来说也是新的利润增长点。
  (二)公司发展战略
  2018年公司继续稳步推进石油天然气双产业链协同发展的战略布局,进一步完善、拓展、巩固及夯实双产业链各个发展环节,使公司成为国际能源供应商和运营商,实现中天能源产业报国的中天梦。
  (三)经营计划
  1、稳固上游,是指稳固上游油气资产盈利能力、储量规模。2018年,公司将通过钻探新井
  扩大产能、减员增效以及借力衍生金融工具,稳固盈利能力,为公司贡献业绩;通过债务置换,做好银团贷款周期和规模管理;通过出售零散低值区块、收购周边优质区块,整合上游油气田资产,稳固储量规模。
  2、拓展中游,是指为完全实现石油天然气双产业链协同发展布局,拓展中游油气运储环节。
  天然气全产业链中游,要稳步推进在建LNG接收站项目,按计划完成竣工投产为天然气分销业务、分布式能源项目及燃气电厂项目提供气源保障。
  3、延伸下游,是指将天然气产业链纵向延伸至利用端,围绕LNG储配站和液化工厂开发一批
  分布式能源和燃气电厂(改造与新建)项目。
  4、稳步推进石油、天然气进口贸易业务,依托公司自有海外油气田资源,将海外油气资源进
  口国内分销,完善公司全产业链布局,真正实现投资走出去,资源带回来的投资初衷。
  (四)可能面对的风险
  一、价格波动风险
  1、我国目前的管道天然气和CNG由发改委和当地政府相关价格部门决定,其售价需由政府相关价
  格管理部门通过听证程序决定,该定价方式决定公司并无自主定价权;LNG为市场定价,其价格受季节性因素及市场供需影响,价格存在较大波动,使公司面临一定价格风险。
  2、国际原油价格受全球宏观政治经济等多种因素(如汇率、美元货币政策、政治局势)影响,存
  在一定不确定性。2014年下半年以来,国际原油价格持续下行,以布伦特原油为例,其在2014年创出年内新高105.12美元/桶后持续下跌,2015年上半年短暂的在60-70美元区间中枢震荡后,继续下跌至28.58美元/桶历史低位,其后开始缓慢回升。2016年,布伦特原油平均价格大约在43-45美元/桶左右,2017年,布伦特原油平均价格反弹大约至54美元/桶左右。全球石油市场供需平衡仍脆弱,资源国减产和美国增产博弈仍是影响平衡的最大变数。从长期来看,石油依然是不可再生资源,且在能源消费结构中依然占据重要位置,油价存在回升的可能性较大,但不排除短期内仍存在油价继续震荡走势甚至继续下行的走势。
  二、海外政策风险公司的主要油气田资产位于加拿大阿尔伯塔省,油气田资产的运营受到加拿大和当地法律法规的
  管辖。由于国外与国内的经营环境存在巨大差异,且境外相关政策、法规也存在随时调整的可能性,若未来加拿大及阿尔伯塔的政治、经济、法律或治安环境发生重大变化,可能对公司在加拿大的油气勘探、开采和销售业务产生不利影响。
  三、汇率风险
  公司主要以人民币为记账本位币,而公司的国际业务、海外并购贷款主要以加元计价和结算,因此加元对人民币的汇率波动可能使公司面临汇率损失风险。针对存在的汇率风险,公司拟通过加强汇率趋势研究、控制资金收付节奏、匹配资金收付币种,采取有利的币种和结算方式并根据汇率变动走势,适时利用金融工具进行套期保值、约定保护性合同条款等措施降低汇率波动对公司业绩的不利影响。
  四、安全生产风险石油天然气属于需要严格进行安全生产管理的特殊行业,可能会面临各项突发性安全事故,这些
  风险可能导致公司发生财产损失、环境破坏等潜在法律责任,甚至可能造成人身事故。对此,公司将在生产过程中认真贯彻执行《安全生产法》等法律法规,不断完善各项安全管理制度,加强各级各类员工安全培训,做到安全管理常态化、科学化,定期排查安全隐患,最大程度降低安全生产隐患给公司带来的不利影响。

  四、报告期内核心竞争力分析
  1、全产业链发展优势随着我国油气行业改革的不断推进,油气行业的市场准入条件在逐步放宽,民营油气企业有望获
  得更大的市场空间。2017年1月,发改委下发石油和天然气发展"十三五"规划提出,要推进油气体制改革,有序放开油气勘探开发、进出口及下游环节竞争性业务,有序发展LNG接收站调峰,鼓励多种主体参与储气能力建设。良好的政策和市场环境下,公司目前已经形成油气开发一输配流通一终端销售全产业链齐头并进经营模式,完成石油、天然气双产业链协同发展的战略布局。
  公司依托国外油气资源,开拓原油进口分销业务,参与基金并购下游地炼厂,打通石油全产业链,逐步使此项业务成长为公司常规业绩增长点;同时公司积极在海外参与投资液化工厂建设,成为国外优质气源运回国的坚实基础,东部沿海正在建设年周转共400万吨的江阴和粤东LNG中转储备站与LNG物流集散基地,与现有的下游成熟分销网络,打造上游油气田(海外气源)—沿海LNG进口接收站—LNG物流集散基地—下游分销网络的天然气全产业链,大幅提高每方售气毛利。实现油气业务从生产到销售的全覆盖,优化资源配置、发挥协同效应,进一步降低公司的生产销售成本,提高销售收入和本公司在国内外的竞争实力。
  2、技术与管理经验丰富的管理团队
  公司历来重视技术研发,拥有较强的工艺技术和产品开发能力,在天然气储运设备技术、天然气汽车改装部件技术以及天然气液化技术领域掌握一批专利技术和专有技术,是我国天然气利用领域拥有较强技术实力的企业之一,而且通过并购海外油气上市公司,进一步消化吸收国外油气生产先进管理经验及技术,目前已经拥有符合全球市场的油气项目运作、产品销售、技术服务和技术人才交流的管理团队。 收起▲