主营介绍

  • 产品类型:

    运营商网络、消费者业务、政企业务

  • 产品名称:

    ICT ICT解决方案

  • 经营范围:

    生产程控交换系统、多媒体通讯系统、通讯传输系统;研制、生产移动通信系统设备、卫星通讯、微波通讯设备、寻呼机,计算机软硬件、闭路电视、微波通信、信号自动控制、计算机信息处理、过程监控系统、防灾报警系统、新能源发电及应用系统等项目的技术设计、开发、咨询、服务;铁路、地下铁路、城市轨道交通、公路、厂矿、港口码头、机场的有线无线通信等项目的技术设计、开发、咨询、服务(不含限制项目);电子设备、微电子器件的购销(不含专营、专控、专卖商品);承包境外及相关工程和境内国际招标工程,上述境外工程所需的设备,材料进出口,对外派遣实施上述境外工程的劳务人员;电子系统设备的技术开发和购销(不含限制项目及专营、专控、专卖商品);经营进出口业务(按贸发局核发的资格证执行);电信工程专业承包(待取得资质证书后方可经营);自有房屋租赁。公司可根据国内外市场的变化、业务发展和自身能力,经股东大会和有关政府部门批准后,依法变更经营范围和调整经营方式。

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 通讯设备类制造行业 394.34亿 100.00% 275.08亿 100.00% 100.00% 30.24%
按产品 运营商网络 235.07亿 59.61% 138.13亿 50.21% 81.29% 41.24%
消费者业务 114.94亿 29.15% 105.31亿 38.28% 8.07% 8.38%
政企业务 44.33亿 11.24% 31.65亿 11.50% 10.64% 28.62%
按地区 中国 257.46亿 65.29% 154.80亿 56.27% 86.09% 39.87%
欧美及大洋洲 81.42亿 20.65% 81.43亿 29.60% -0.0082% -0.01%
亚洲(不含中国) 42.63亿 10.81% 30.55亿 11.10% 10.13% 28.34%
非洲 12.83亿 3.25% 8.31亿 3.02% 3.79% 35.25%

董事会经营评述

  (一)2018年上半年业务回顾
  1、2018年上半年国内电信行业概述
  根据中国工业和信息化部统计数据,2018年1-6月,国内电信业务收入累计完成6,720亿元人民币,同比增长4.1%。4G网络覆盖质量持续提高,4G业务质量进一步优化,话音和数据业务体验逐步提升。光纤宽带网络保持加速建设趋势。同时,5G技术产业发展加速,5G标准化、研发、应用、产业链成熟的进程不断推进,国家5G三阶段测试持续进行。
  2、2018年上半年全球电信行业概述
  2018年上半年,在移动数据业务拉动下,全球电信行业保持持续增长。全球电信行业的投资重点仍然是4G网络、数通、光传输和宽带接入网络等。全球电... 查看全部▼

  (一)2018年上半年业务回顾
  1、2018年上半年国内电信行业概述
  根据中国工业和信息化部统计数据,2018年1-6月,国内电信业务收入累计完成6,720亿元人民币,同比增长4.1%。4G网络覆盖质量持续提高,4G业务质量进一步优化,话音和数据业务体验逐步提升。光纤宽带网络保持加速建设趋势。同时,5G技术产业发展加速,5G标准化、研发、应用、产业链成熟的进程不断推进,国家5G三阶段测试持续进行。
  2、2018年上半年全球电信行业概述
  2018年上半年,在移动数据业务拉动下,全球电信行业保持持续增长。全球电信行业的投资重点仍然是4G网络、数通、光传输和宽带接入网络等。全球电信运营商在深耕4G网络建设的同时加快5G网络商用部署试点。2018年6月,国际通信行业标准化组织3GPP正式确定了5G独立组网标准(SA),5G第一阶段全功能标准化工作已经完成,标志着全球5G发展进入商用部署关键时期。与此同时,各国运营商加速推动网络虚拟化,加大数字化转型步伐。
  3、2018年上半年本集团经营业绩
  2018年上半年,本集团实现营业收入394.34亿元人民币,同比减少26.99%,主要是由于运营商网络、消费者业务营业收入较上年同期减少所致。2018年1-6月本集团归属于上市公司普通股股东的净利润为-78.24亿元人民币,同比减少441.24%,基本每股收益为-1.87元人民币,主要由于本公司支付于2018年6月12日发布的《关于重大事项进展及复牌公告》所述的10亿美元罚款,及2018年5月9日发布的《关于重大事项进展公告》所述本公司主要经营活动无法进行导致的经营损失、预提损失所致。
  (1)按市场划分国内市场方面
  本报告期内,本集团国内市场实现营业收入257.46亿元人民币,占本集团整体营业收入的65.29%。本集团坚持积极稳健的经营策略并拓展新的成长空间,积极参与运营商网络建设与技术演进,凭借长期的技术积累及产品竞争力,抓住技术变革的机遇。
  国际市场方面本报告期内,本集团国际市场实现营业收入136.88亿元人民币,占本集团整体营业收入的34.71%。本集团坚持全球化的策略不变,持续聚焦电信运营商市场业务,聚焦优质核心客户,提高海外整体运作效率,满足客户发展需要,与客户实现共赢。
  (2)按业务划分
  本报告期内,本集团运营商网络实现营业收入235.07亿元人民币;政企业务实现营业收入44.33亿元人民币;消费者业务实现营业收入114.94亿元人民币。
  运营商网络本集团坚持技术创新、产品竞争力提升、高效交付和深度合作的策略,聚焦运营商市场,保持在客户基础、市场开拓和交付能力等领域的核心竞争力。本集团继续对5G加大投入,与全球20多家主流运营商进行5G合作和测试。同时,本集团积极跟进宽带建设计划,服务全球运营商,围绕移动承载、大视频业务承载、数据中心虚拟化承载等机会点对新技术保持重点投入。
  政企业务本集团为各行业客户提供专业、高效的ICT解决方案,重点聚焦“政府、交通、能源、金融、企业、教育”等行业,围绕公司技术领先的承载、无线、视讯等产品方案,及以云平台为核心的综合方案,与合作伙伴一起,共同为客户提供安全、高效、定制化的解决方案和服务。
  消费者业务本集团消费者业务围绕手机业务、家庭信息终端、固网宽带终端等业务展开。

  (二)2018年下半年业务展望及面对的经营风险
  1、2018年下半年业务展望
  2018年下半年,本集团以低调、务实、稳健、创新为经营理念,聚焦提效,强化主业,坚持技术领先,强化成本控制,加大5G投入。
  展望2018年下半年,网络数据流量的高速增长、第一阶段全功能完整版5G标准的正式出台,本集团面临新的发展机遇。这些机遇体现为:网络基础设施持续升级,5G试点部署工作将进入实质的落地推进阶段,5G商用进程推进加速;智能终端需求旺盛;新技术、新模式不断出现,人工智能、物联网、智慧家庭等新增长点不断涌现。为此,本集团在2018年下半年将继续采取如下经营策略:运营商网络方面,本集团继续坚持创新导向,实现主力产品竞争力领先,以客户满意度为导向,注重客户价值提升。5G是未来运营商网络的重点业务,本集团5G产品和解决方案与全球5G商用时间表保持节奏一致,已具备系统商用能力,并与客户进行了5G的测试和验证。2018下半年,本集团将脚踏实地,提升产品竞争力,为客户提供有竞争力的产品和解决方案,在5G商用的过程中助力客户打造高价值的5G网络,协同推动5G产业链的成熟商用,坚定客户信心,为本集团把握住5G时间窗带来的机遇。
  政企业务方面,本集团将始终坚持“合作伙伴优先,共建云网生态”的政企战略,进一步通过核心技术能力的优势,把握全行业数字化转型催生的市场发展机会,聚焦重点行业,为行业客户提供专业、高效的ICT解决方案。
  消费者业务方面,本集团将重视5G手机研发投入,通过与国内外主流运营商合作5G项目,与5G系统设备协同,形成5G端到端的解决方案。本集团专注创新、保持技术领先,聆听和满足消费者需求,稳扎稳打,控制风险,以实现消费者业务的稳健经营。
  2018年下半年,本集团将持续聚焦价值客户和核心产品,加快技术创新步伐,加强与客户及行业伙伴的合作。同时,加强人才、合规和内控,完善公司内部管理,实现本集团的稳健和可持续发展。
  2、面对的经营风险
  (1)国别风险
  国际经济及政治形势纷繁复杂,本集团业务及分支机构运营覆盖100多个国家,业务开展所在国的宏观经济、政策法规、政治社会环境等各不相同,包括法律合规、税务、汇率、政局(如战争、内乱等)等方面的风险都将继续存在,可能对本集团的经营产生影响。本集团主要通过建立完整的合规管理体系来识别并遵从业务所在国的贸易、税务等政策规定(包括出口管制、GDPR(General Data Protection Regulation,通用数据保护条例)等),确保合规经营;并与外部专业机构合作分析和应对国别风险,对评估风险较高的地区的具体业务通过购买必要的出口保险、并通过融资途径以规避可能的损失。
  (2)知识产权风险
  本集团一直着力于产品技术的研发和知识产权的保护与管理。本集团在生产的产品及提供的服务上都有注册商标保护,并且这些产品及服务都具有相关专利权保护。然而,即使本集团已采取并实行了十分严格的知识产权保护措施,但不能完全避免与其他电信设备厂商、专利许可公司以及与本集团存在合作关系运营商之间产生知识产权纠纷,本集团将继续秉承开放、合作、共赢的方式推进相关问题的解决。
  (3)汇率风险
  本集团合并报表的列报货币是人民币,本集团的汇率风险主要来自以非人民币结算之销售、采购以及融资产生的外币敞口及其汇率波动,可能对本集团经营产生影响。本集团持续强化敞口管理,通过商务策略引导、内部结算管理、融资结构设计、内部结汇与外汇衍生品保值等手段压缩敞口,从源头降低汇率风险;本集团亦积极拓展汇管国家的换汇渠道,加强流动性管理,尝试推进海外项目的人民币计价及结算,以期长远降低汇率风险。
  (4)利率风险
  本集团的利率风险主要来自于有息负债,本外币的利率波动将使本集团所承担的利息支出总额发生变动,进而影响本集团的盈利能力。本集团主要运用有息负债总量控制及结构化管理来降低利率风险:有息负债总量控制主要是通过提高本集团现金周转效率、增加本集团自由现金流量来实现;有息负债的结构化管理主要是结合市场环境变化趋势,不断拓展全球低成本多样化融资渠道,通过境内外、本外币、长短期、固定或浮动利率的债务结构组合,辅之以利率掉期等衍生金融工具,进行利率风险的综合控制。
  (5)客户信用风险
  本集团为客户提供全方位的通信解决方案,由于本集团业务开展迅速,客户群体庞大,各类客户的资信存在一定差异,不同的资信状况对本集团的业务发展带来一定的影响,本集团主要通过客户资信调查、客户资信评级与授信、客户信用额度管理及风险总量控制、对付款记录不良客户实施信用管控等内部信用管理措施识别和管理信用风险,及通过购买信用保险、采用合适的融资工具转移信用风险,以减少上述影响。 收起▲