主营介绍

运营业务数据

最新公告日期:2018-04-28 
业务名称 2017-12-31 2016-12-31 2015-12-31 2014-12-31 2013-12-31
锂离子动力电池产量(AH) 2.44亿 2.41亿 1.55亿 7215.00万 4108.00万
锂离子动力电池销量(AH) 2.12亿 2.34亿 1.46亿 5896.00万 3635.00万
汽车零部件产量(件) 1739.61万 1333.88万 288.77万 136.46万 39.87万
汽车零部件销量(件) 1728.20万 1172.30万 278.91万 125.19万 65.20万
汽车模具产量(套) 1050.00 686.00 720.00 788.00 462.00
汽车模具销量(套) 1050.00 686.00 720.00 788.00 462.00
数控加工产品产量(件) 3641.00 5386.00 4377.00 3908.00 3912.00
数控加工产品销量(件) 3641.00 5386.00 4377.00 3908.00 3912.00

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 制造业 8.50亿 100.00% 7.92亿 100.00% 100.00% 6.83%
按产品 锂电池、电源系统及配套产品 3.50亿 41.70% 3.61亿 45.87% -21.57% -3.19%
汽车模具 2.79亿 33.27% 2.47亿 31.40% 61.79% 11.46%
汽车零部件 1.82亿 21.74% 1.56亿 19.83% 50.71% 14.40%
数控加工 2757.38万 3.29% 2287.71万 2.91% 9.07% 17.03%
按地区 华东 3.52亿 41.37% 3.62亿 45.65% -16.95% -2.80%
华北 1.62亿 19.02% 1.62亿 20.43% -0.28% -0.10%
国外 1.50亿 17.59% 1.16亿 14.71% 56.95% 22.10%
中南 1.02亿 11.98% 8559.44万 10.81% 27.96% 15.94%
西南 8239.29万 9.69% 6426.65万 8.11% 31.23% 22.00%
东北 294.44万 0.35% 230.99万 0.29% 1.09% 21.55%

董事会经营评述

  一、概述  报告期内汽车行业整体运行平稳,公司汽车模具业务稳步增长,汽车零部件业务受主机厂采购量减少及产品价格下跌影响,营业收入较去年同期有所下降;在数控零部件加工业务方面,正在积极参与实施某国家科技重大专项课题的相关工作;通过了民用航空结构件制造的质量管理体系认证审核,在现有加工业务基础上公司正积极开拓民用航空零部件加工市场。  报告期内公司锂离子动力电池业务聚焦重点领域、重点客户,客车及非补贴市场等领域均有所突破,公司2018年主打产品逐步实现量产,2019年迭代新产品已完成立项,锂电池业务营业收入较去年同期有所增长。同时公司加强降本增效,成本管控工作亦初见成效,产成品入库成本同比下降... 查看全部▼

  一、概述
  报告期内汽车行业整体运行平稳,公司汽车模具业务稳步增长,汽车零部件业务受主机厂采购量减少及产品价格下跌影响,营业收入较去年同期有所下降;在数控零部件加工业务方面,正在积极参与实施某国家科技重大专项课题的相关工作;通过了民用航空结构件制造的质量管理体系认证审核,在现有加工业务基础上公司正积极开拓民用航空零部件加工市场。
  报告期内公司锂离子动力电池业务聚焦重点领域、重点客户,客车及非补贴市场等领域均有所突破,公司2018年主打产品逐步实现量产,2019年迭代新产品已完成立项,锂电池业务营业收入较去年同期有所增长。同时公司加强降本增效,成本管控工作亦初见成效,产成品入库成本同比下降超过20%。但受2018年新政策发布滞后于预期影响,且公司新产品开发延期,使得锂电池一季度未能实现稳定批产,二季度才逐步进入增量阶段,导致本报告期产能发挥不充分;加之市场售价下跌,锂电池业务营业利润较去年同期有所降低。下半年公司将全力提升产能,稳固客车市场份额,持续提升物流车市场订单,培育乘用车市场重点客户,大力开拓国际及军品市场,持续开展降本增效工作,以确保公司锂电池业务的持续发展。

  二、公司面临的风险和应对措施
  (一)市场风险
  受益于国家产业政策的大力支持及新能源汽车的逐渐普及,我国锂离子动力电池市场需求增长迅速。
  在该等产业发展机遇的带动下,近年来我国各锂离子动力电池主要厂商持续加大投资力度,不断扩充产能,目前,行业总产能已出现结构性过剩现象,行业竞争加剧。且因国家新能源汽车补贴政策发生重大调整,产品技术准入要求提高,下游补贴退坡的压力向锂电池企业传导等因素影响导致产品价格出现快速大幅下降,将对公司经营业绩产生不利影响。
  措施:
  (1)加大技术和产品的研发投入,注重技术创新与研发积累,提高核心竞争力,保持企业在市场的技术领先优势;
  (2)确保客车市场稳步发展,物流车市场快速增长,加大力度开发乘用车市场,通过国内外民品市场积累技术实力和产品经验,逐步扩大军工市场;
  (3)提升设备、工艺的升级改造、技术创新能力及生产过程的开发能力,加快推进电池智能制造步伐,提升设备和工艺对产品的兼容能力。
  (二)行业技术风险锂离子动力电池尚处于大规模产业化应用的初级阶段,技术、工艺更新较快,若公司未能持续开展前瞻性技术及工艺研发以巩固技术实力,或锂离子动力电池核心技术发生重大变化,未来公司锂电池业务仍可能面临产品竞争力下降的风险。
  措施:
  (1)运用灵活的体制机制激发研发队伍活力,集中力量进行新技术、新产品、新工艺的研发,尤其是增强基础性技术研究;充分调研市场需求,把握市场发展方向,紧跟前沿技术,重点突破关键技术;
  (2)加强重点目标高校产学研交流合作,借助院士工作站和博士后工作站平台广泛和高校开展技术合作,开展新电池功能隔膜、新体系先进锂动力电池、储能型长寿命锂离子电池、固态薄膜锂电池等方向的研发,充分发挥专家资源的作用。
  (三)经营风险
  1、成本风险
  锂电池业务主要原材料为磷酸铁锂、三元材料、石墨粉、电解液和隔离膜等。近年来锂离子动力电池主要原材料磷酸铁锂、三元材料的市场价格随着国内外新能源汽车行业的爆发式增长而大幅提高。随着新能源汽车市场的快速增长及锂电池需求增加和竞争加剧,若未来锂离子动力电池主要原材料供应增速跟不上,原材料价格呈现刚性甚至上涨,将对公司锂电池业务的盈利能力造成较大影响。
  措施:
  (1)与上游原材料供应商建立长期稳定的战略合作关系,保障原材料价格优势,确保原材料按需供应;
  (2)与下游整车厂深度合作,实现规模效益,提升业务收入和利润,降低成本;
  (3)改善供应链全程运营能力,简洁优化流程管理,实现内部协同和降本增效。
  2、产品质量风险锂离子动力电池是新能源汽车的核心部件,其品质的优劣直接影响着整车的性能,下游整车厂商对公司产品的技术、质量要求越来越高。尽管公司不断加强设计、生产过程中的质量管控和出厂检验,但仍可能存在产品在终端用户处因出现质量问题,造成批量召回、返修、退换,或者因安全或质量事故被提出索赔或诉讼的风险,该等情况将会对公司的经营及声誉产生不利影响。
  措施:
  (1)完善质量体系管理,加强对供应商产品质量的管控,通过审核、质量处罚、问题分析及整改等措施促进供应商产品质量的提升;严格执行样件确认流程,避免批量性原材料不合格隐患;
  (2)完善设计开发流程,加强前期产品设计验证,避免设计缺陷导致的批量质量问题;
  (3)完善售后服务体系,加强对业务人员、客户的培训。

  三、核心竞争力分析
  1、汽车模具及汽车车身零部件业务
  公司基于多年对汽车覆盖件模具制造领域的专注,在计算机辅助设计、工艺制造流程、精密数控加工等方面均已达国内先进水平;逐渐形成了拥有自主知识产权和特色的汽车模具制造技术,建成省级技术中心;具备整车模具开发与匹配协调能力,采用全参数三维设计、全数字化制造,具有自主创新能力;承继并转化应用航空工业先进的航空制造技术,实现军民技术融合,数控加工技术在汽车模具制造领域居领先地位。拥有功能全面、性能优良、适用性广的数控加工设备,在模具成型分析、数控加工和模具调试等技术方面达到了国内先进水平,能更好地满足下游客户提高产品质量、缩短交付周期的要求,在产品加工精度和生产效率方面形成了一定竞争优势。
  2、锂电池业务通过多年的技术研发和运营实践经验的积累,中航锂电已建立起了完整的锂离子动力电池技术路线和研发、投资、建设运营管理体系,研发出了具有行业领先水平的工艺技术及产品。中航锂电被认定为国家级企业技术中心,建成了"院士工作站"、"博士后科研工作站"和"河南省大容量锂电池工程技术研究中心",承担了包括6项国家863计划项目在内的20余项国家级技术研发和产业化项目,2项新的科研项目列入2018年国家重点研发计划及国家科技支持名单,中航锂电先后获得授权专利384项,形成了丰富的锂离子动力电池技术储备。中航锂电智能生产走在行业前列,配备了先进的实验仪器和检测设备,建立产品质量追溯系统和在线监测及反馈系统,建成智能化工厂。中航锂电产品相继取得了CE、UL、TUV、RoHS等国际认证,产品广泛应用于电动汽车、电力储能、通讯工程等领域。凭借突出的技术、服务、产品质量等方面优势,中航锂电已成为多家整车企业的核心供应商,拥有稳定的客户群体。此外,中航锂电较为独特地将军工控制体系引入电池生产过程,拥有完备的军品科研生产资质,以及多年的军工领域科研应用经验,使得中航锂电品牌已为军方市场客户认可和接受,成为军用锂电池电源选型及配套的首选品牌之一,荣获国家国防科工局"国防科技工业军民融合发展产业先锋提名奖",在锂电池军品市场具有独特的竞争优势。 收起▲