主营介绍

  • 产品类型:

    锂电池、电源系统及配套产品、汽车零部件、汽车模具、数控加工

  • 产品名称:

    锂电池 电源系统及配套产品 汽车零部件 汽车模具 数控加工

  • 经营范围:

    汽车模具、夹具、检具等汽车工装的开发、设计与制造;飞机及直升机零件(不含发动机、螺旋浆)制造(另设分支机构或另择经营场地经营);计算机集成技术开发与应用;锂离子动力电池及相关集成产品的研制、生产、销售和市场应用开发;汽车零部件及配件制造;白车身制造;数控产品及相关高新技术产品制造;从事货物和技术的进出口业务(法律法规规定应经审批或禁止经营的除外)。

运营业务数据

最新公告日期:2017-03-15 
业务名称 2016-12-31 2015-12-31 2014-12-31 2013-12-31 2012-12-31
汽车模具库存量(套) 0.00 0.00 - - -
锂离子动力电池库存量(AH) 4480.00万 3793.00万 4081.00万 2936.00万 -
汽车零部件库存量(件) 181.82万 36.06万 26.20万 11.43万 -
数控加工产品库存量(件) 0.00 0.00 - - -
汽车零部件库存量 (件) - - - - 27.56万
锂离子动力电池库存量 (AH) - - - - 2750.00万
数控加工产品库存量 (件) - - - - 0.00
汽车模具库存量 (套) - - - - 0.00

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 制造业 5.72亿 100.00% 4.43亿 100.00% 100.00% 22.53%
按产品 汽车零部件 2.78亿 49.27% 2.24亿 50.80% 43.79% 19.32%
锂电池、电源系统及配套产品 1.54亿 27.31% 1.16亿 26.26% 31.09% 24.76%
汽车模具 9829.84万 17.45% 7586.05万 17.21% 18.32% 22.83%
数控加工 3362.25万 5.97% 2529.59万 5.74% 6.80% 24.77%
按地区 华东 3.21亿 56.22% 2.55亿 57.57% 51.60% 20.68%
中南 9549.65万 16.71% 7434.61万 16.79% 16.42% 22.15%
国外 7374.59万 12.90% 5668.93万 12.80% 13.24% 23.13%
西南 4958.97万 8.67% 3357.01万 7.58% 12.44% 32.30%
华北 2729.98万 4.78% 2148.30万 4.85% 4.52% 21.31%
东北 411.78万 0.72% 182.06万 0.41% 1.78% 55.79%

董事会经营评述

  一、概述。
  报告期内公司加大研发投入,积极开发新产品,加快产能扩建,在基本完成中航锂电洛阳三期项目及中航锂电江苏公司一期项目建设基础上,启动实施中航锂电江苏公司二期项目建设,为公司未来迎接新能源汽车领域大发展奠定基础。报告期内,由于国家补贴政策的调整以及重申目录的影响,新能源客车市场受到较大冲击,销量下降74%。由于公司长期以来的主要市场集中在客车领域,受新政影响较大,加之为适应新的补贴政策和标准规范,公司陆续对主要产线进行改造升级,报告期内产能释放有限,由此导致报告期内公司锂电池业务业绩大幅下滑。目前公司正全力加快产能提升以稳固客车市场,同时加大专用车市场的拓展,积极在乘用车市场培育... 查看全部▼

  一、概述。
  报告期内公司加大研发投入,积极开发新产品,加快产能扩建,在基本完成中航锂电洛阳三期项目及中航锂电江苏公司一期项目建设基础上,启动实施中航锂电江苏公司二期项目建设,为公司未来迎接新能源汽车领域大发展奠定基础。报告期内,由于国家补贴政策的调整以及重申目录的影响,新能源客车市场受到较大冲击,销量下降74%。由于公司长期以来的主要市场集中在客车领域,受新政影响较大,加之为适应新的补贴政策和标准规范,公司陆续对主要产线进行改造升级,报告期内产能释放有限,由此导致报告期内公司锂电池业务业绩大幅下滑。目前公司正全力加快产能提升以稳固客车市场,同时加大专用车市场的拓展,积极在乘用车市场培育重点客户,以确保公司锂电池业务的持续发展。
  报告期内汽车行业整体运行平稳,公司汽车模具业务稳步发展,因汽车模具业务订单及生产的不均衡性,报告期内汽车模具项目交付好于去年同期;汽车零部件业务抓住客户战略转型机遇,成为奇瑞汽车战略供应商并承接总成,销量增加,实现收入和利润的稳定增长。

  二、报告期内公司从事的主要业务。
  本公司及旗下子公司主要从事锂电池、汽车模具、汽车车身零部件等产品的研发、生产、销售业务。
  锂电池业务:主要由子公司中航锂电研发及生产。近年来,随着新能源汽车的爆发式增长,我国锂离子动力电池产业的高速发展,公司锂电池业务收入大幅增加,已成为公司核心主业。中航锂电为国内较早成立且一直从事动力电池研发、生产的高科技企业,公司技术工艺水平、产能规模、综合实力均位居国内行业前列;公司生产的大容量锂离子电池以安全可靠、高能量密度、大功率、长寿命的优势赢得广大客户认可,广泛应用于电动汽车、电力储能、通讯工程、军工等领域。
  汽车模具及汽车车身零部件业务:主要由集成事业部及子公司集成瑞鹄和集成模具研制生产。公司集成事业部具备汽车整车模具开发与匹配协调能力,承继并转化应用先进的航空制造技术,在国内汽车模具制造领域居领先地位,该部分业务发展稳定。子公司集成瑞鹄作为奇瑞汽车的零部件总成战略供应商之一,在客户供应系统中的地位不断提升,销售状况持续向好。
  数控加工业务:主要由集成事业部承制。公司该项业务主要是承接成飞集团的军用飞机零部件数控加工,公司与成飞集团形成了长期稳固的合作关系,该项业务稳步发展。

  三、核心竞争力分析。
  1、锂电池业务。
  通过多年的技术研发和运营实践经验的积累,中航锂电已建立起了完整的锂离子动力电池技术路线和研发、投资、建设运营管理体系,研发出了具有行业领先水平的工艺技术及产品;市场应用广泛,公司依托航空工业集团的优厚资源和品牌影响力,在军民品市场形成了综合竞争优势。
  中航锂电先后获得授权专利200余项,产品相继取得了CE、UL、TUV、RoHS等国际认证,成功获得了国家级企业技术中心认定,建成了“河南省大容量锂电及模块工程技术研究中心”,承担了6项“国家863计划”研制项目,形成了丰富的锂离子动力电池技术储备。智能生产走在行业前列,配备了先进的实验仪器和检测设备,建立产品质量追溯系统和在线监测及反馈系统,建成智能化工厂。中航锂电凭借突出的技术、服务、产品质量等方面优势,已成为多家整车企业的核心供应商,拥有稳定的客户群体;此外,中航锂电作为三级保密资格单位,拥有武器装备承制单位资格及武器装备科研生产许可证,在锂电池军品市场具有独特的竞争优势。
  2、汽车模具业务。
  公司基于多年对汽车覆盖件模具制造领域的专注,在计算机辅助设计、工艺制造流程、精密数控加工等方面均已达国内先进水平;逐渐形成了拥有自主知识产权和特色的汽车模具制造技术,建成省级技术中心,并拥有专利权或软件著作权20多项;具备整车模具开发与匹配协调能力,采用全参数三维设计、全数字化制造,具有自主创新能力;承继并转化应用航空工业先进的航空制造技术,实现军民技术融合,数控加工技术在汽车模具制造领域居领先地位。拥有多台功能全面、技术领先、性能优良、适用性广的数控加工设备,并率先在国内汽车覆盖件模具企业中配备五坐标高速铣床,更好地满足了下游客户提高产品质量、缩短生产周期的要求,在产品加工精度和生产效率方面形成了一定竞争优势。

  四、公司面临的风险和应对措施。
  (一)市场风险。
  受益于国家产业政策的大力支持及新能源汽车的逐渐普及,我国锂离子动力电池市场需求增长迅速。
  在该等产业发展机遇的带动下,近年来我国各锂离子动力电池主要厂商持续加大投资力度,不断扩充产能,许多非锂离子动力电池企业、科研院所以及国际锂离子动力电池巨头亦纷纷投资进入我国锂离子动力电池市场,行业总产能可能会出现结构性过剩现象,导致行业竞争加剧。如未来行业产能扩张速度过快,有效产能超出下游行业总需求,甚至国家出台抑制行业产能过剩的相关政策,或者因行业竞争过度激烈导致产品价格出现快速大幅下降,将对公司经营业绩产生不利影响。
  措施:
  (1)加大技术和产品的研发投入,注重技术创新与研发积累,提高核心竞争力。保持企业在市场的技术领先优势;
  (2)保证商用车市场订单稳定增长,加大力度开发乘用车市场,通过国内外民品市场积累技术实力和产品经验,逐步扩大军工市场;
  (3)提升设备、工艺的升级改造、技术创新能力及生产过程的开发能力,加快推进电池智能制造步伐。提升设备和工艺对产品的兼容能力。
  (二)行业技术风险。
  锂离子动力电池尚处于大规模产业化应用的初级阶段,技术、工艺更新较快,若公司未能持续开展前瞻性技术及工艺研发以巩固技术实力,或锂离子动力电池核心技术产生重大变化,未来公司锂电池业务仍可能面临产品竞争力下降的风险。
  措施:
  (1)借助中航锂电技术研究院有限公司的设立,运用灵活的体制机制,集中力量进行新技术、新产品、新工艺的研发,尤其是增强基础性技术研究。充分调研市场需求,把握市场发展方向,紧跟前沿技术,重点突破关键技术;
  (2)加强重点目标高校产学研交流合作,借助院士工作站和博士后工作站平台广泛和高校开展技术合作,开展新电池功能隔膜、新体系先进锂动力电池、储能型长寿命锂离子电池、固态薄膜锂电池等方向的研发,充分发挥专家资源的作用。
  (三)经营风险。
  1、成本风险。
  锂电池业务主要原材料为磷酸铁锂、三元材料、石墨粉、电解液和隔离膜等。近年来锂离子动力电池主要原材料的市场价格随着国内外新能源汽车行业的爆发式增长而大幅提高,随着新能源汽车市场的快速增长及锂电池需求增加和竞争加剧,若未来锂离子动力电池主要原材料供应增速跟不上,原材料价格呈现刚性甚至上涨,将对公司锂电池业务的盈利能力造成较大影响。
  措施:
  (1)与上游原材料供应商建立长期稳定的战略合作关系,保障原材料价格优势,确保原材料按需供应;
  (2)与下游整车厂深度合作,实现规模效益,提升业务收入和利润,降低成本;
  (3)改善供应链全程运营能力,简洁优化流程管理,实现内部协同和降本增效。
  2、产品质量风险。
  锂离子动力电池是新能源汽车的核心部件,其品质的优劣直接影响着整车的性能。下游整车厂商对公司产品的技术、质量要求越来越高。尽管公司不断加强设计、生产过程中的质量管控和出厂检验,但仍可能存在产品在终端用户处因出现质量问题,造成批量召回、返修、退换,或者因安全或质量事故被提出索赔或诉讼的风险,该等情况将会对公司的经营及声誉产生不利影响。
  措施:
  (1)完善质量体系管理,加强对供应商产品质量的管控,通过审核、质量处罚、问题分析及整改等措施促进供应商产品质量的提升;严格执行样件确认流程,避免批量性原材料不合格隐患;
  (2)完善设计开发流程,加强前期产品设计验证,避免设计缺陷导致的批量质量问题;
  (3)完善售后服务体系,加强对业务人员、客户的培训。 收起▲