主营介绍

  • 产品类型:

    锂电池、电源系统及配套产品、汽车零部件、汽车模具、数控加工

  • 产品名称:

    锂电池 电源系统及配套产品 汽车零部件 汽车模具 数控加工

  • 经营范围:

    模具的设计、研发、生产;飞机及直升机零件(不含发动机、螺旋浆)制造(另设分支机构或另择经营场地经营);计算机集成技术开发与应用;货物进出口、技术进出口;(以上经营范围依法须经批准的项目,经相关部门批准后方可开展经营活动)

运营业务数据

最新公告日期:2018-04-28 
业务名称 2017-12-31 2016-12-31 2015-12-31 2014-12-31 2013-12-31
锂离子动力电池产量(AH) 2.44亿 2.41亿 1.55亿 7215.00万 4108.00万
锂离子动力电池销量(AH) 2.12亿 2.34亿 1.46亿 5896.00万 3635.00万
汽车零部件销量(件) 1728.20万 1172.30万 278.91万 125.19万 65.20万
汽车零部件产量(件) 1739.61万 1333.88万 288.77万 136.46万 39.87万
汽车模具产量(套) 1050.00 686.00 720.00 788.00 462.00
汽车模具销量(套) 1050.00 686.00 720.00 788.00 462.00
数控加工产品产量(件) 3641.00 5386.00 4377.00 3908.00 3912.00
数控加工产品销量(件) 3641.00 5386.00 4377.00 3908.00 3912.00

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 制造业 19.43亿 100.00% 17.29亿 100.00% 100.00% 10.97%
按产品 锂电池、电源系统及配套产品 9.35亿 48.11% 9.28亿 53.67% 3.04% 0.69%
汽车零部件 5.06亿 26.05% 4.09亿 23.66% 45.44% 19.14%
汽车模具 4.04亿 20.80% 3.21亿 18.57% 38.84% 20.49%
数控加工 7706.45万 3.97% 6098.99万 3.53% 7.54% 20.86%
其他业务 2091.82万 1.08% 995.71万 0.58% 5.14% 52.40%
按地区 华北 6.28亿 32.35% 6.33亿 36.60% -2.12% -0.72%
华东 5.49亿 28.27% 4.31亿 24.94% 55.28% 21.45%
华中 2.99亿 15.40% 2.72亿 15.71% 12.93% 9.21%
国外 1.80亿 9.28% 1.72亿 9.94% 3.97% 4.69%
西南 1.46亿 7.50% 1.09亿 6.29% 17.30% 25.30%
华南 7659.53万 3.94% 6449.96万 3.73% 5.67% 15.79%
东北 6304.51万 3.25% 4819.54万 2.79% 6.97% 23.55%
西北 - - - - - -

董事会经营评述

  一、概述  2017年公司积极开拓锂离子动力电池市场,在市场增幅较大的乘用车领域、专用车领域均有所突破,国际市场、军品市场开拓成绩显著;产品研发项目取得重要进展。但由于外部受国家新能源补贴政策调整、车型目录重申等行业政策影响,内部受生产线改造调试及新建自动化生产线处于试生产、产能尚未释放等方面影响,导致公司锂电池业务没有实现预期销售收入及利润目标。  2017年,汽车行业整体运行平稳,公司汽车模具业务发展相对稳定;汽车零部件业务抓住客户战略转型机遇,子公司集成瑞鹄成为奇瑞汽车战略供应商并承接总成,实现收入的稳步增长。  报告期内,公司数控零部件加工业务竞争加剧,销量有所下滑导致销售收入下降... 查看全部▼

  一、概述
  2017年公司积极开拓锂离子动力电池市场,在市场增幅较大的乘用车领域、专用车领域均有所突破,国际市场、军品市场开拓成绩显著;产品研发项目取得重要进展。但由于外部受国家新能源补贴政策调整、车型目录重申等行业政策影响,内部受生产线改造调试及新建自动化生产线处于试生产、产能尚未释放等方面影响,导致公司锂电池业务没有实现预期销售收入及利润目标。
  2017年,汽车行业整体运行平稳,公司汽车模具业务发展相对稳定;汽车零部件业务抓住客户战略转型机遇,子公司集成瑞鹄成为奇瑞汽车战略供应商并承接总成,实现收入的稳步增长。
  报告期内,公司数控零部件加工业务竞争加剧,销量有所下滑导致销售收入下降。

  二、核心竞争力分析
  1、锂电池业务通过多年的技术研发和运营实践经验的积累,中航锂电已建立起了完整的锂离子动力电池技术路线和
  研发、投资、建设运营管理体系,研发出了具有行业先进水平的工艺技术及产品;中航锂电锂电池产品市场应用广泛,同时依托航空工业集团的优厚资源和品牌影响力,在军、民品市场形成了综合竞争优势。
  中航锂电先后获得授权专利316项,产品相继取得了CE、UL、TUV、RoHS等国际认证,成功获得了国家级企业技术中心认定,建成了"院士工作站"、"博士后科研工作站"和"河南省大容量锂电池工程技术研究中心",承担了包括6项国家863计划项目、1项国家重点研发计划项目在内的20余项国家级技术研发和产业化项目,形成了丰富的锂离子动力电池技术储备。智能生产走在行业前列,配备了先进的实验仪器和检测设备,建立产品质量追溯系统和在线监测及反馈系统,建成智能化工厂。中航锂电凭借突出的技术、服务、产品质量等方面优势,已成为多家整车企业的核心供应商,拥有稳定的客户群体;此外,中航锂电作为三级保密资格单位,拥有武器装备承制单位资格及武器装备科研生产许可证,在锂电池军品市场具有独特的竞争优势。
  2、汽车模具及汽车车身零部件业务
  公司基于多年对汽车覆盖件模具制造领域的专注,在计算机辅助设计、工艺制造流程、精密数控加工等方面均已达国内先进水平;逐渐形成了拥有自主知识产权和特色的汽车模具制造技术,建成省级技术中心,并拥有专利权或软件著作权20多项;具备整车模具开发与匹配协调能力,采用全参数三维设计、全数字化制造,具有自主创新能力;承继并转化应用航空工业先进的航空制造技术,实现军民技术融合,数控加工技术在汽车模具制造领域居领先地位,拥有功能全面、性能优良、适用性广的数控加工设备,在模具成型分析、数控加工和模具调试等技术方面达到了国内先进水平,能更好地满足下游客户提高产品质量、缩短生产周期的要求,在产品加工精度和生产效率方面形成了一定竞争优势。

  三、公司未来发展的展望
  1、行业竞争格局和发展趋势
  (1)锂电池业务十三五期间我国新能源汽车将高速增长,新能源汽车产业迎来前所未有的发展机遇,这为锂动力电池
  产业带来了难得的发展机遇。预计未来几年,新能源汽车行业整体增长速度较快,渗透率不断提高,对上游动力电池的需求量也持续增长,市场需求空间巨大。为调控行业小、散、乱、差等问题,国家相关政策文件进一步提升行业准入门槛,将推动行业内部的资源整合和收购兼并,进一步推动行业内部资源调整。
  市场形势方面,未来几年新能源汽车各细分领域逐步放量,主要体现在乘用车加速放量、专用车快速兴起、商用车小幅稳定增长,为新能源汽车动力电池企业提供了不同的发展条件。基于此,公司巩固传统优势的客车市场,积极开拓乘用车市场,同时,培育物流车市场,稳固军品市场在新型电源领域的先发优势,积极参与新装备项目预研。国际市场聚焦重点客户,聚焦产品标准化转型,持续提高公司锂电池业务市场占有率。
  (2)汽车模具及汽车车身零部件业务汽车工业的稳定发展助推汽车工艺装备产业稳步发展,预计十三五期间,中国汽车产销年均增长率约
  为3.3%,经济新常态下,汽车工业由中高速增长转为低速增长。中国模具在国际采购中仍具备性价比优势,国产高档模具的质量已经基本达到国外汽车厂的要求,国外汽车厂商将我国作为重要的汽车覆盖件模具制造基地;大型、精密、复杂的中高端汽车覆盖件模具将是产品发展重点,模具加工的新技术将是技术重点发展方向,高强度板、超高强板、镁铝合金等轻量化材料的应用也越加广泛。
  2、公司发展战略
  公司总体战略思路为紧密围绕"强军富民"的公司使命和战略定位,锂电池业务通过国内外民品市场积累技术实力和产品经验,逐步扩大军工市场和助力军品升级,借助上市融资便利优势,实现产融互动发展,形成国内、国际、军工三大市场并行发展的战略格局;汽车模具及汽车车身零部件业务实施稳步发展、适度扩张、市场主导、技术驱动的发展思路,通过技术进步和管理创新实施差异化竞争策略,并依托品牌、技术、管理等优势积极探索其他新业务。
  3、公司2018年度经营计划
  2018年锂电池业务,将聚焦重点客户、重点项目和重点产品,优化资源配置,有所为有所不为,以提升规模并实现规模化经济效益;深化技术创新,做到产品围绕市场、研发围绕产品,以价值为纲,追求商业成功,实现产品技术品质和市场竞争能力的快速提升;创新营销模式,加大国内商用车终端市场开发;加快国内一流乘用车客户的实质性合作;加大支持和投入,促进国贸、军品快速发展;加强质量管理,确保质量体系有效运行,完善供应商质量管控体系,强化过程管控;实现管理变革,不断提高管理效率,建立成本责任制KPI考核体系,建立项目成本管控机制。稳步发展汽车工艺装备业务及航空零部件业务,积极探索高强板、铝合金等其他冲压件模具业务。
  4、资金需求及使用计划
  2018年公司资金主要用于产业园建设及产线改造,主要包括中航锂电江苏产业园二期项目建设,以及中航锂电洛阳产业园三期工程、中航锂电江苏产业园一期的生产能力提升改造等;同时公司将在2018年进行大陆48V启停电源项目股权投资、按协议收购集成模具少数股东股权等投入。公司偿债能力强,信贷信誉良好,各种融资渠道较为畅通,未来资金来源有保证。
  5、风险因素
  (1)市场风险
  ①锂离子动力电池行业竞争加剧风险
  锂离子动力电池结构性过剩、新能源汽车补贴退坡带来的压力已经影响到了整个新能源汽车产业链,导致行业竞争加剧,行业内各企业纷纷加大投资力度,通过以投资换市场的方式、组建产业联盟等形式迅速扩大市场规模来应对激烈的市场竞争,若公司在商业模式及对外投资方面响应不够及时,则存在市场份额降低的风险。
  ②汽车模具需求增长放缓风险虽然我国汽车工业发展整体仍保持增长势头,但近年来国内汽车销量增速有所放缓,若未来我国汽车
  市场受宏观经济影响销量增速持续放缓甚至出现下降,可能影响汽车整车厂商车型更新换代的积极性,导致汽车模具市场需求下滑。
  (2)行业技术风险
  锂电池行业发展迅速,市场需求不断变化,如2017年电动乘用车、专用车市场占比迅速提升。国家补贴政策与锂电池产品性能挂钩,对性能要求逐年提高。若公司产品开发、预研产品储备不能满足快速增长的市场需求,将影响公司产品的竞争力。
  (3)经营风险
  ①盈利能力风险国家新能源汽车补贴政策逐年退坡,下游整车企业将补贴退坡的压力向上游传导,导致锂电池产品价
  格逐年下降;上游锂电池主要原材料磷酸铁锂、三元材料的市场价格随着国内外新能源汽车行业的爆发式增长而大幅提高,导致电池成本压力剧增。面临"上挤下压"的锂电池行业市场形势,如原材料价格居高不下,与客户端的供给关系持续得不到改善,将对公司锂电池业务的盈利能力造成较大影响。
  ②产品质量风险
  锂离子动力电池是新能源汽车的主要动力来源,其品质的优劣直接影响着整车的性能。汽车模具在汽车制造中占据相当重要的地位,模具的质量很大程度决定汽车生产的质量与效率。因此,下游整车厂商对公司产品的质量要求较高。尽管公司在生产过程中已配备了专门的质检人员对产品加工至出厂的每个环节都进行严格检验,但仍可能存在产品在终端用户处因出现质量问题,造成批量召回、返修、退换,或者因安全或质量事故被提出索赔或诉讼的风险,该等情况将会对公司的经营及声誉产生不利影响。
  (4)产业政策变化风险
  锂离子动力电池产业的发展与国家发展战略、产业调控政策紧密联系。为规范行业发展秩序,有关部门发布的新能源汽车推广应用财政补贴政策,推荐车型目录门槛逐年提高,补贴标准逐年退坡。同时,《乘用车企业平均燃料消耗量与新能源汽车积分并行管理办法》、《新能源汽车生产企业及产品准入管理规定》、《汽车产业中长期发展规划》、《汽车动力蓄电池行业规范条件》、《动力电池规格尺寸》、《新能源汽车动力蓄电池回收利用管理暂行办法》等一系列新规或征求意见稿出台,都对锂电池企业的研发、生产和销售产生着重要影响。由于现阶段新能源汽车企业对于政府补贴具有一定的依赖性,若未来包括补贴政策在内的新能源汽车产业政策发生重大不利变化,可能影响我国新能源汽车产业的发展速度,进而可能会对包括中航锂电在内的锂离子电池行业相关企业的生产和经营构成不利影响。 收起▲