主营介绍

  • 产品类型:

    铸造高温合金、变形高温合金、新型高温合金

  • 产品名称:

    发动机精铸件 航空发动机盘锻件 汽轮机涡轮盘 防护片 高温合金精铸件 切断刀

  • 经营范围:

    制造高温、纳米材料;法律、行政法规、国务院决定禁止的不得经营;法律、行政法规、国务院决定规定应经许可的,经审批机关批准并经工商行政管理机关登记注册后方可经营;法律、行政法规、国务院决定未规定许可的,自主选择经营项目开展经营活动。

运营业务数据

最新公告日期:2018-03-23 
业务名称 2017-12-31 2016-12-31 2015-12-31 2014-12-31
有色金属延压产量(吨) 5266.00 1.12万 9729.00 3675.00
有色金属延压销量(吨) 5217.56 9360.00 7602.00 3535.00

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 有色金属延压 6.75亿 100.00% 5.31亿 100.00% 100.00% 21.26%
按产品 变形高温合金 3.28亿 48.86% 2.75亿 51.82% 37.64% 16.12%
铸造高温合金 2.45亿 36.52% 1.84亿 34.60% 43.79% 25.08%
新型高温合金 9827.03万 14.62% 7215.94万 13.58% 18.57% 26.57%
按地区 东北 1.65亿 24.49% 1.31亿 24.59% 24.10% 20.92%
西北 1.40亿 20.69% 1.10亿 20.78% 20.36% 20.92%
华北 1.11亿 16.40% 8523.74万 16.04% 17.72% 22.97%
华南 1.08亿 16.02% 8552.13万 16.09% 15.77% 20.92%
西南 8708.67万 12.90% 6886.77万 12.96% 12.70% 20.92%
华东 6160.77万 9.13% 4871.90万 9.17% 8.98% 20.92%
华中 251.97万 0.37% 199.26万 0.37% 0.37% 20.92%

董事会经营评述

  二、业务回顾和展望
  报告期内驱动业务收入变化的具体因素航空发动机产业是一个国家综合国力、工业基础和科技水平的集中体现,是关系国家安全、经济建设和科技发展的战略性产业,也是航空工业健康发展的重要支柱。长期以来,受制于我国工业发展整体水平、资源投入及军用航空器发展路径,航空发动机已成为我国航空产业及国防建设的最大短板。国家高度重视航空发动机事业的发展,近两年来密集出台多项政策支持行业发展。2018年,是国家“两机”专项、“十三五”规划实施的重要一年。公司强力推进技术创新与管理创新,提高产品质量与工作质量,打造精干高效的人才队伍。
  当前公司面临的首要问题是不断完善工艺研发制造体系,实施重... 查看全部▼

  二、业务回顾和展望
  报告期内驱动业务收入变化的具体因素航空发动机产业是一个国家综合国力、工业基础和科技水平的集中体现,是关系国家安全、经济建设和科技发展的战略性产业,也是航空工业健康发展的重要支柱。长期以来,受制于我国工业发展整体水平、资源投入及军用航空器发展路径,航空发动机已成为我国航空产业及国防建设的最大短板。国家高度重视航空发动机事业的发展,近两年来密集出台多项政策支持行业发展。2018年,是国家“两机”专项、“十三五”规划实施的重要一年。公司强力推进技术创新与管理创新,提高产品质量与工作质量,打造精干高效的人才队伍。
  当前公司面临的首要问题是不断完善工艺研发制造体系,实施重点产品综合整治与加速成熟计划,提升核心制造能力,以进一步提升产品质量和生产效率、降低产品成本。
  随着国家航空发动机及燃气轮机重大专项落地实施,公司业务发展迎来重大机遇;随着军民融合战略的深入,行业内涌现出更多航空发动机用高温合金材料及制品生产制造企业,行业竞争更为激烈。
  在董事会和监事会的正确领导下,公司上下全力以赴,奋力拼搏,2018年第一季度公司实现营业总收入16,168.42万元,实现归属于上市公司股东的净利润2,037.79万元;2018年第一季度末总资产达到17.53亿元;加权平均净资产收益率为1.49%,基本每股收益0.0483元。

  二、重大风险提示
  1、经营业绩风险
  原材料价格波动的风险:本公司目前产品使用的原材料主要为镍、铬、钴等有色金属,价格波动较大,从而影响到公司的主要原材料成本。原材料成本在公司产品成本构成中所占比重65%左右。近年来,主要原材料价格波动对公司业绩产生了一定的影响。虽然原材料价格的波动较大,但本公司采用“以销定产”的模式,根据原材料价格的上涨情况,相应提高产品售价。但仍可能存在无法将原材料价格上涨带来的成本增加充分转移给下游用户的风险,从而可能导致相关产品的毛利率出现下降的风险。
  产品价格波动风险:本公司产品价格与原材料价格波动有一定的关联度,例如,镍、钴等有色金属价格下降,造成公司部分产品价格下降,从而对公司营业收入产生不利影响。其次,公司部分产品价格是根据客户订货品种的尺寸、重量和结构复杂程度等因素进行定价,每年可能因客户订货品种的差异造成精铸件产品价格波动,从而引起营业收入的波动。
  2、产品的市场风险
  航空航天产业依赖风险:公司专业从事高温合金材料的研发、生产和销售业务,60%以上的产品面向航空航天领域的客户,所以航空航天产业的政策变化、行业波动都将影响到公司的业绩增长,公司发展面临一定的行业风险。我国航空航天产业的产业政策从中长期来看是明朗的,发展自主航空航天产业,提高国产化率是国家安全战略的重要部分。为降低对航空航天产业依赖的风险,公司近年来也在大力拓展航空航天领域以外的客户,并且已经在地面燃机、玻璃制造、冶金等领域取得了非常显著的业绩。
  市场竞争风险:从目前来看,我国从事高温合金材料产业的企业数量有限,但随着该行业的发展壮大,且随着技术扩散,以及行业内较高的利润水平,可能会吸引其它投资者进入该行业,从而加剧行业竞争,必然会影响到行业的平均利润水平。
  本公司经过研究和判断,首先努力通过融资增加对高温合金材料产业的投资,扩大产能,实现规模经济,降低产品成本;其次,通过抢占市场先机,巩固客户,给新进入者形成一定的门槛;再者,加强高温合金材料的研发,使公司能够占据高温合金材料的高端产品领域。
  市场发育不完善的风险:从国内高温合金应用市场来看,在航空航天领域,航空航天产业规模偏小,技术水平有待提升,一些新型的飞机研制和产业化进程有可能出现延后,从而影响对新型高温合金材料及制品的需求。公司目前还是以铸造高温合金和变形高温合金系列产品为主,争取在保持现有市场份额的基础上,积极提高精铸件的比例以及发展其它变形高温合金的品种,从而减少该风险的影响。
  3、技术风险
  依赖核心技术人员的风险:本公司主营产品科技含量较高,在核心关键技术上拥有自主知识产权,并有多项产品和技术处于研发阶段,多项核心技术达到国内领先水平,构成公司主营产品的核心竞争力。如果出现技术外泄或者核心技术人员外流情况,将会影响本公司的持续技术创新能力。因此尽管公司与核心技术人员签订了《保密协议》,加强了核心技术保密工作。公司以股权激励计划激励核心技术人员,但上述措施并不能完全保证技术不外泄或核心技术人员不外流。
  知识产权保护不足风险:公司拥有高温合金材料领域及其相关领域多项专利技术,其中包括12项发明专利与2项实用新型专利。公司的自主知识产权保障了公司主要产品的市场占有率。并且公司拥有大量专有技术和商业秘密,使公司在技术上形成竞争优势。但如果公司的知识产权被非法侵犯,就有可能造成公司的产品被仿制或公司的专有技术被扩散,从而会削弱公司的竞争优势,影响到公司盈利水平。我国加入WTO后,国家对知识产权保护逐步加强,对于侵犯知识产权的行为进行了严厉打击,公司一方面继续申请专利,以形成完整的知识产权保护体系,另一方面公司也强化内部管理,在制度与人员管理上,严格防范自身专有技术和商业秘密被非法窃取。
  4、业务整合、规模扩大带来的集团化管理风险随着公司规模的扩大,公司已发展成为拥有国内若干家子公司的产业集团构架体系,呈现出鲜明的集团化特征。目前集团化特征对公司整体运营管理和人才队伍建设都提出了新的更高的要求,如何协调统一、加强管控,实现多元化后的协同效应,提高整体运营和管理效能是今后公司发展面临的风险因素之一。为此,公司将根据集团化发展需求,进一步完善母公司、子公司之间的管理体系,逐步建立起与集团化发展相适应的内部运营机制和监督机制,保证公司整体运营健康、安全。同时,公司将持续推进和加强企业文化建设,弘扬企业核心精神,使集团公司内部企业价值观一致、企业经营理念和员工观念和谐一致,以健全的制度和先进的企业文化保障集团科学、高效运营 收起▲