主营介绍

  • 产品类型:

    汽车内饰及声学元件产品、纺织新材料产品、进出口贸易

  • 产品名称:

    汽车内饰及声学元件产品 纺织新材料产品 进出口贸易

  • 经营范围:

    两纱两布,各类纺织品,服装,复制品及技术出口,生产所需原辅材料,设备及技术进出口,合资合作,三来一补,金属材料,建材汽配,轻工电子,仪表电器,五金交电,塑料制品,工艺品,灯具,水产土产,杂货,咨询服务。【依法须经批准的项目,经相关部门批准后方可开展经营活动】

运营业务数据

最新公告日期:2018-04-28 
业务名称 2017-12-31 2016-12-31 2015-12-31 2014-12-31 2013-12-31
针刺地毯产品库存量(平方米) 325.69万 - - - -
汽车成型地毯库存量(件) 1146.98万 - - - -
汽车内饰面料库存量(米) 82.51万 - - - -
汽车声学元件库存量(件) 96.96万 - - - -
其他内饰配件库存量(件) 73.84万 - - - -
柔性涂层复合材料库存量(平方米) 92.78万 - - - -
船用布库存量(平方米) - 12.02万 13.11万 16.00万 12.00万
顶棚面料库存量(米) - 37.98万 36.61万 31.13万 38.11万
卡车篷布库存量(平方米) - 61.32万 76.16万 56.00万 37.00万
膜结构材料库存量(平方米) - 4.05万 9.27万 7.00万 5.00万
天窗遮阳板库存量(米) - 1.16万 - - -
无纺布库存量(米) - 9.05万 - - -
衣帽架库存量(米) - 1.48万 - - -
针刺产品库存量(平方米) - 226.42万 104.78万 106.53万 78.05万
成型地毯库存量(套) - 30.40万 - - -
地毯总成库存量(件) - - 952.00 - -
主地毯总成库存量(套) - - 7399.00 - -
衣帽架面料库存量(米) - - 1.85万 1.70万 1.62万
无纺布面料库存量(米) - - 10.89万 - -
天窗遮阳板面料库存量(米) - - 2.48万 - -
ModelK 主地毯库存量(片) - - 1.47万 - -
ModelY 主地毯库存量(片) - - 740.00 - -
行李箱盖总成库存量(套) - - 1503.00 - -
衣帽架总成库存量(套) - - 1400.00 - -
F35 地毯库存量(片) - - 2951.00 - -
成型产品库存量(套) - - - 5.53万 5.28万

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 汽车内饰业务 53.74亿 66.83% 47.08亿 65.87% 74.47% 12.40%
外贸进出口业务 24.95亿 31.03% 23.37亿 32.70% 17.64% 6.33%
国内贸易 5.41亿 6.73% 5.00亿 6.99% 4.62% 7.64%
产业用品业务 1.04亿 1.29% 8672.85万 1.21% 1.92% 16.53%
综合业务 2622.41万 0.33% 644.33万 0.09% 2.21% 75.43%
分部间抵销 -4.99亿 -6.21% -4.91亿 -6.87% -0.86% -

董事会经营评述

  一、经营情况的讨论与分析  2018年上半年,中国经济运行基本平稳,但消费增速持续下滑,对实体经济的拖累日益显现,致使企业经营活力下降,被迫加杠杆。尽管全球经济正在复苏,但贸易保护主义进一步强化,使得政治经济环境变得异常错综复杂。年初迄今,两大因素直接影响公司相关业务的毛利率水平:一是美元对人民币汇率呈现"U型反转"走势,短期内汇率的急剧变化对外贸企业的收入和利润都产生了负面影响;二是国际原油价格上涨幅度超过20%,直接影响化纤原材料的采购价格,而成本上升的压力难以在短期内全部传递至下游企业,公司相关业务面临空前的挑战。  得益于汽车内饰业务扩张和国际化战略的提前布局,报告期内,公司总体营... 查看全部▼

  一、经营情况的讨论与分析
  2018年上半年,中国经济运行基本平稳,但消费增速持续下滑,对实体经济的拖累日益显现,致使企业经营活力下降,被迫加杠杆。尽管全球经济正在复苏,但贸易保护主义进一步强化,使得政治经济环境变得异常错综复杂。年初迄今,两大因素直接影响公司相关业务的毛利率水平:一是美元对人民币汇率呈现"U型反转"走势,短期内汇率的急剧变化对外贸企业的收入和利润都产生了负面影响;二是国际原油价格上涨幅度超过20%,直接影响化纤原材料的采购价格,而成本上升的压力难以在短期内全部传递至下游企业,公司相关业务面临空前的挑战。
  得益于汽车内饰业务扩张和国际化战略的提前布局,报告期内,公司总体营业收入、利润、净利润等业绩指标均大幅上升。报告期内,持股70%的汽车软饰业务核心企业Auria公司实现主营业务收入37.36亿元,利润总额6,244.06万元;持股35%股权的汽车硬饰业务核心企业NYX公司相应的投资收益为5,504.21万元。此外,这些汽车内饰业务相关企业正在积极寻求境内外的业务协同,目前公司境内新纺联和汽车地毯总厂已与境外NYX公司建立业务协作,通过NYX在美国的客户资源,推介公司的汽车内饰面料产品,发挥汽车内饰面料与NYX的注塑件产品相结合的优势,已经针对多个车型的产品进行试样。
  纺织新材料业务在报告期内承受了原材料价格上涨和主要生产线停产整修的双重压力,核心企业申达科宝实现主营业务收入8,756.92万元,同比下跌10.22%,利润总额612.94万元,同比上升7.13%。该企业于创立之初引进的德国二辊热熔压延生产线使用至今已超设计寿命,报告期内因对主要部件压延棍进行更换而停产两个月,导致产量下降,收入同比下降。但申达科宝及时调整销售策略,增加高端产品的比例,提高产品附加值,避免与国内厂商的进行低价竞争;同时严控成本、提高产品制成率,在销量下降的情况下,实现了盈利增长。
  对于进出口贸易业务而言,报告期内,全球传统时尚零售业整体低迷,电商的迅猛发展对市场形成冲击,传统服装零售商关店和破产风潮此起彼伏,加上"美国优先"新政的影响,部分美国客户转向本土供应商采购,造成客户流失。另一方面,国内原材料和人工成本上升,进出口贸易行业竞争愈发激烈、利润微薄,处于夹心层的进出口贸易企业利润空间被挤压殆尽;加之受到汇率波动影响,公司该项业务报告期整体亏损。这也迫使我们不得不加速向供应链服务商转型,寻求经营模式的升级,并且通过向东南亚等地区转移,以缓解成本和环保的压力。随着公司推行全球采购策略,逐步降低成本,进出口贸易业务经营状况有望逐渐改善。

  二、可能面对的风险
  1.市场风险:公司从事的纺织制造行业与经济周期、产品周期等存在较为紧密的关联度,国内外经济的周期性波动以及政治形势的变化会给公司经营带来一定影响。
  2.政策性风险:国内外宏观经济政策及其变动,特别是产业政策、财政政策、税收政策等变化将会对公司的经营环境产生影响,继而影响公司的经济效益。以公司所从事的外贸进出口业务为例,外贸进出口受国内外对于外贸行业的产业政策影响较大,可能对公司外贸进出口业务带来一定的风险。
  3.行业风险:公司的部分产品面向汽车行业,为其提供配套纺织品,该部分业务对汽车行业存在较大的依赖性,尽管近年来国内外汽车行业形势较为乐观,公司完成对Auria公司70%股权的收购后,相关业务的体量以及市场份额骤增,但并不能排除汽车行业和市场波动的可能性,对公司带来一定的风险。
  4.技术风险:作为汽车配套生产企业,产品的核心技术和主要参数绝大部分根据整车厂的对不同车型的要求而设定,因此,可能出现批量产品不符合整车厂的技术要求而导致撤单或返工的风险。我们通过ERP信息管理加强产品研发和质量控制,提高整体技术水平和产品标准化水平。
  5.汇率风险:公司的进出口业务收入占比超三分之一,外币汇率的变化受国内外政治、经济等因素的影响而波动,将会给公司的正常财务运作带来一定风险。公司境外资产占比过半,大多数境外企业日常运营中涉及多个币种,公司合并报表采用人民币编制;随着人民币与各外币间的汇率变动,可能带来公司财务报表对应数据的波动。
  6.安全管理风险:公司对部分老厂房改造后进行租赁业务,该等建筑年限较久,在建筑、电路、设施方面有老化、损坏等现象出现,由此可能会造成客户的损失,甚至有火灾等重大灾害的风险。我们对各建筑进行定期检查,尤其是对防火、排水等隐患进行重点排查,发现问题及时处理,对不能用的设备进行及时更换,做好设备的日常检查和维护工作。
  7.商誉减值风险:公司部分股权收购项目为非同一控制下的企业合并,根据《企业会计准则》,对合并成本大于合并中取得的被购买方可辨认净资产公允价值部分的差额,应当确认为商誉。该等商誉不作摊销处理,但需要在未来每年会计年末进行减值测试。若标的公司未来经营情况未达预期,则相关商誉存在减值风险。
  8.人员管理风险:目前公司员工人数近万人,海外员工人数占比接近于三分之二,员工分布于欧洲、北美、南非等多个国家和地;在人员薪酬调配、跨文化沟通等方面可能存在一定管理风险。
  9.投后整合管理风险:公司新收购的Auria公司主要业务位于中国、美国、卢森堡、英国、德国、比利时、西班牙、捷克、波兰、南非、墨西哥共计11个国家,且绝大部分处于中国境外,与公司在法律法规、会计税收制度、商业惯例、经营理念、企业文化等经营管理环境方面存在差异。交割后,公司与Auria公司需至少在财务管理、客户管理、资源管理、业务拓展、企业文化等方面进行融合。公司将继续完善优化制度和流程体系,结合组织建设、团队建设和人员安排、业务协同等方面加强体系建设,形成有效的管理体系,保障AURIA持续稳定发展。
  10.股价波动风险:公司正在筹划非公开发行A股股票项目,该项目已获得中国证监会发审委审核通过,但尚未收到中国证监会的正式书面文件;因此,再融资政策和资本市场的变化,可能对公司非公开事项有所影响,从而影响公司股价。另外,行业的景气变化、宏观经济形势变化、国家经济政策的调整、公司经营状况变动与投资者心理变化等因素,都会对股票价格带来影响。为此,公司提醒投资者注意股价波动及今后股市投资中可能涉及的风险。

  三、报告期内核心竞争力分析
  (一)产业用纺织品
  1.汽车内饰及声学元件业务:
  公司汽车内饰业务拥有全面领先的制造工艺,紧随全球市场脉搏的研发技能、领先的产品研发能力和卓越的系统设计能力。随着汽车轻量化的趋势带动对轻型材料的更高需求,整车企业对于软饰件生产商的技术水平日益重视,通过提升技术优势及研发能力,能在设计、加工和材料选择方面进行不断创新,实现重量及成本的降低,成为公司的核心竞争优势。汽车内饰行业属于资本密集型行业,具有较强的规模经济效应及马太效应,占市场份额较高的企业,在成本和售价上具备一定的与供应商及整车企业议价的能力,而且各大型整车一般不轻易替换供应商。公司汽车内饰业务的市场占有率高、客户覆盖面大,公司的竞争优势对于新进者具有一定的行业壁垒。此外,大型整车企业更倾向于向同一家供应商进行全球采购,这一趋势使得公司的汽车内饰业务全球化优势得到充分体现。
  2.纺织新材料业务:
  公司纺织新材料业务在国内市场起步较早,目前已占有了一定的市场份额。核心企业申达科宝对压延涂层产品的生产工艺具有深刻的理解,积累了丰富的行业经验,对市场的敏感度日趋提高。随着生产工艺的日益革新,申达科宝对柔性生产线的驾驭能力逐步提升,对于市场的新需求具有较高的应变能力,可适应新材料产品生命周期短、更新迭代快的特点,抢占市场先机。该行业的特点是多学科、多领域的交叉融合,对企业的科技创新能力有较高的要求,研发能力是支撑企业持续发展的核心能力。公司纺织新材料相关企业针对市场需求不断提升研发能力,加强产品开发和技术储备,目前共拥有19项发明专利和实用新型。
  (二)纺织品进出口贸易
  公司进出口贸易以传统纺织品进出口贸易起家,国内团队在产品采购、跟单、质控、清关、物流集散方面,积累了丰富的行业经验和客户资源。近年来,前端通过美国公司直接向海外市场延伸贸易触角,强化在高端市场的接单能力;后端在柬埔寨设立服装加工基地,充分利用产业链优势和成本优势,强化在低成本地区的生产供应能力;同时服饰研发中心具备一定的面料研发和服装设计能力,不断从面料开发与采购、服装设计、制版制衣等订单前置流程中探索可持续发展、可创新发展的供应链整合方式,"供应链集成服务商"的打造已初具雏形。 收起▲