主营介绍

  • 产品类型:

    空调、生活电器、智能装备

  • 产品名称:

    空调 生活电器 智能装备

  • 经营范围:

    货物、技术的进出口(法律、法规、规章明文规定禁止进出口的货物、技术除外;法律、行政法规限制的项目须取得许可后方可经营)。制造、销售:泵、阀门、压缩机及类似机械的制造;风机、包装设备等通用设备制造;电机制造;输配电及控制设备制造;电线、电缆、光缆及电工器材制造;家用电力器具制造;机械设备、五金交电及电子产品批发;家用电器及电子产品零售。

主营构成分析

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营业收入 X

单位(%) 单位(万元)
注:通常在中报、年报时披露 
业务名称 营业收入(元) 收入比例 营业成本(元) 成本比例 利润比例 毛利率
按行业 制造业 787.48亿 100.00% 522.83亿 100.00% 100.00% 33.61%
按产品 空调 758.20亿 96.28% 497.63亿 95.18% 98.46% 34.37%
生活电器 15.65亿 1.99% 12.99亿 2.48% 1.01% 17.04%
其他 10.07亿 1.28% 9.08亿 1.74% 0.37% 9.85%
智能装备 3.56亿 0.45% 3.14亿 0.60% 0.16% 11.67%
按地区 内销 649.99亿 82.54% 395.32亿 75.61% 96.23% 39.18%
外销 137.50亿 17.46% 127.52亿 24.39% 3.77% 7.26%

董事会经营评述

  一、概述
  (一)空调主业行业市场走势良好,公司经营业绩再创新高
  2018年上半年,空调市场增长势头依旧强劲。根据产业在线数据,2018年上半年中国空调总销量同比增长14.30%,居各家电品类增长率之首。中怡康终端数据显示,2018年上半年空调零售量同比增长16.60%,零售额同比增长19.80%,是大家电中唯一取得两位数增长的品类,一枝独秀领跑其他家电,行业走势良好。
  公司秉持"创新驱动未来"的发展理念,通过自主创新,掌握核心科技,始终在技术上保持领先。坚持以产品和用户为中心,2018年上半年,在全体员工的不懈努力下,公司实现营业总收入920.05亿元,较上年同期增长31.40... 查看全部▼

  一、概述
  (一)空调主业行业市场走势良好,公司经营业绩再创新高
  2018年上半年,空调市场增长势头依旧强劲。根据产业在线数据,2018年上半年中国空调总销量同比增长14.30%,居各家电品类增长率之首。中怡康终端数据显示,2018年上半年空调零售量同比增长16.60%,零售额同比增长19.80%,是大家电中唯一取得两位数增长的品类,一枝独秀领跑其他家电,行业走势良好。
  公司秉持"创新驱动未来"的发展理念,通过自主创新,掌握核心科技,始终在技术上保持领先。坚持以产品和用户为中心,2018年上半年,在全体员工的不懈努力下,公司实现营业总收入920.05亿元,较上年同期增长31.40%;利润总额153.04亿元,较上年同期增长36.80%;实现归属于上市公司股东的净利润128.06亿元,较上年同期增长35.48%;基本每股收益2.13元,较上年增长35.67%,经营业绩再创新高。
  (二)家用空调全球份额占据绝对领先优势,行业地位再度提升
  格力家用空调多年来始终保持市场份额全球第一。日本经济新闻汇总并发布了"2017年全球主要商品与服务市场份额调查",在家用空调领域,中国企业的市场份额一直保持着巨大优势,包揽前三。其中,格力电器以占有率21.90%的绝对优势位列第一,超过了第二名7个百分点。美国《福布斯》杂志发布2018年"全球上市公司2000强"排行榜,其中,格力电器排名294,较2016年跃升70位。
  (三)中央空调市场份额领跑行业,领先优势再度扩大格力电器自2012年首次打破国外品牌的霸主格局以来,在国内中央空调市场的行业龙头地
  位稳固。根据《暖通空调资讯》发布的《2018上半年度中央空调行业发展报告》,格力中央空调以17.03%的市场占有率继续领跑国内中央空调行业,较2017年度全年15.42%的市场份额,领先优势扩大了1.61个百分点。零售市场相关的产品方面,单元机38.00%的市场占有率,领先优势极为明显。
  (四)蝉联家电企业专利授权量榜首,自主研发实力得到广泛认可
  国家知识产权局向社会集中发布了2018年上半年我国专利、商标、地理标志的相关统计数据。其中,在2018年上半年我国发明专利授权量排名前十位的国内企业中,格力电器以787件的专利授权量位列第七,是唯一进入前十名的家电企业。此前,2016、2017连续两年在国家知识产权局公布的中国发明专利排行榜中,格力的发明申请量、发明授权量均进入全国前十,稳居家电行业第一。
  5月16日,格力电器在珠海举行"新时代让世界爱上中国造——格力2018再启航"梦想盛典,再次对外发布了5项自主研发的最新技术,达到"国际领先"水平。至此,格力共累计研发出24项"国际领先"级技术。
  在第46届日内瓦国际发明展上,来自全球40个国家共1000多个项目参展,格力首次参展,自主研发的三个参展项目全部斩获金奖:光伏直驱变频空调项目荣获日内瓦国际发明展金奖及评审团特别嘉许金奖;高效永磁同步变频离心式冷水机组荣获日内瓦国际发明展金奖及泰国代表团颁发的最佳发明奖;三缸双级变容积比滚动转子式压缩机项目荣获日内瓦国际发明展金奖及国际发明家协会最佳发明奖。
  (五)智能装备公司再添新突破,核心产品亮相大型峰会
  格力进军工业机器人领域以来,始终坚持自主创新的发展道路,经过刻苦攻关,已成功实现工业机器人核心零部件的自主研发和生产。2018年,格力自主研发的"工业机器人用高性能伺服电机及驱动器"经专家组一致认定,达到"国际先进"水平。
  报告期内,首台光纤激光切割机正式完成调试并下线交付客户,这是格力智能装备在激光切割领域的又一次成功尝试。在"2018柔性显示&3D曲面玻璃/全面屏手机应用峰会"中,格力CNC玻璃精雕机GA-V4560、石墨加工中心GA-LM540、车铣复合加工中心GA-CX540亮相,为3C行业提供智能智造解决方案。
  (六)品牌美誉度再度巩固,明星产品备受嘉奖
  工业和信息化部赛迪研究院、中国电子报社在京发布了《2018年上半年家电网购分析报告》,作为空调行业领军代表,格力以一贯优异的成绩拿下空调类"2018年度中国家电网购受欢迎品牌"。小家电品牌大松拿下饭煲类"2018年度中国家电网购受欢迎品牌"。格力京致冷暖空调、大松智能IH电饭煲GDCF-30X80C,分别获得2018年中国家电网购高端技术产品至尊奖。
  (七)立足长远,进军空调芯片设计领域
  近年来,随着节能环保政策趋严,以及消费升级和产品智能化趋势凸显,变频空调在公司产品结构中的比例大幅提高,导致公司对空调芯片的需求大幅增加。目前公司所需芯片主要依赖进口,2017年芯片进口额数十亿元人民币,随着公司的发展,芯片需求量会进一步增加。
  格力已掌握了除空调芯片以外制造空调所需的全部核心技术,为了进一步提高公司的综合竞争力、在空调行业的话语权以及成本管控能力,公司近年来已在自主研发空调芯片设计技术,目前已有一定的技术积累。为谋求公司长远发展和股东长期利益,下一步公司将成立专门团队稳步推进该领域的技术研究和产品开发工作。

  二、核心竞争力分析
  报告期内公司核心竞争力没有发生变化。 收起▲